Greener Journal of Agronomy, Forestry and Horticulture Vol. 2 (2), pp. 038-043, April 2014.
ISSN: 2354-2306 © 2013 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 022714125
Review of Farm Level Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in Africa
*Mohammed D.1, Kwaghe P. V.2, Abdulsalam B.3,
Aliyu H. S.4 and Dahiru B.5
1Centre for Arid Zone Studies, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
2Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Maiduguri.
3Department of Geography, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.
4Department of Forestry and Wildlife, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.
5Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: dmsong1980 @ gmail. com, GSM: 07033400377
Climate change poses social, economic and environmental problems on a global scale. It is a threat to agricultural development, as it has multitude manifestations among which include increased infestation of crops by pest and diseases, increased rural-urban migration, increased biodiversity loss, frequent drought and flood. These evident consequences of climate change however, can be reduced through adaptation. The review revealed that farmers practiced various adaptation strategies peculiar to the impact of climate change in their localities. These include mixed cropping, early planting, use of new crop varieties and soil management techniques among others. Inadequate inputs, lack of information on climate change forecast and poverty were the constraints to climate change adaptation among crop farmers as reviewed by this study. It is recommended that more campaign need to be carried out to sensitize farmers on the dangers and consequences of climate change and need for adaptation. Farmers need to be empowered economically through access to loans for them to procure adaptation inputs.
Keywords: Farm Level, Climate Change, Adaptation Strategies, Africa.