Greener Journal of Agronomy, Forestry and Horticulture

Open Access

Greener Journal of Agronomy, Forestry and Horticulture Vol. 2 (4), pp. 073-078, September 2014.

ISSN: 2354-2306 © 2013 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 080114315



Impact of Phosphorous Levels and Different Tillage Systems on Yield and Economics of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.)


Muhammad Waseem Riaz Marral1

Muhammad Shahid Ibni Zamir2 and Shahid Iqbal*2 

1Department of Agronomy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.

2Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.


*Corresponding Author’s Email: shahiduaf85 @gmail .com


Proper application of phosphorous (P) dose and selection of an adequate tillage system could be effective in increasing the yield of crops. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan during summer, 2009, using different levels of phosphorous and tillage systems. There were three tillage systems (zero tillage, minimum tillage and conventional tillage) and three phosphorus levels (30, 60 and 90 kg P ha-1). Treatments were arranged in  randomized complete block design (RCBD) with split plot arrangement. Results revealed that pods bearing branches per plant, seeds per plant and seed yield were significantly affected by various levels of applied phosphorous and tillage systems. Among different phosphorous levels, 90 kg P ha-1 produced maximum pods bearing branches per plant (4.52), seeds per plant (78.26) and seed yield (1064 kg ha-1). While, among different tillage systems, conventional tillage gave relatively better pods bearing branches per plant (4.8), seeds per plant (81.81) and seed yield (1142.3 kg ha-1) than others. However in case of interaction, the conventional tillage + 90 kg P ha-1 performed better and gave the maximum pods bearing branches per plant (4.9), seeds per plant (94.71), straw yield (4090 kg ha-1) and seed yield (1243 kg ha-1) as compared to others. Conventional tillage + 90 kg P ha-1 also gave higher gross income (1945 USD ha-1), net income (1568 USD ha-1) and benefit cost ratio (5.16). It was concluded from this study that conventional tillage + 90 kg P ha-1 could be successfully utilized on economic basis in order to get better seed yield in agro-climatic conditions of Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Keywords: Economics, phosphorous levels, tillage systems, seed yield.


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