Greener Journal of Agronomy, Forestry and Horticulture Vol. 2 (4), pp. 073-078, September 2014.
ISSN: 2354-2306 © 2013 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 080114315
Impact of Phosphorous Levels and Different Tillage Systems on Yield and Economics of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.)
Muhammad Waseem Riaz Marral1,
Muhammad Shahid Ibni Zamir2 and Shahid Iqbal*2
1Department of Agronomy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.
2Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: shahiduaf85 @gmail .com
Proper application of phosphorous (P) dose
and selection of an adequate tillage system could be effective in increasing the yield of crops. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture
Faisalabad, Pakistan during summer, 2009, using different levels of
phosphorous and tillage systems. There were three tillage systems (zero
tillage, minimum tillage and
tillage) and three phosphorus levels (30, 60 and 90 kg P ha-1).
Treatments were arranged in randomized
complete block design (RCBD) with split plot arrangement. Results revealed that
pods bearing branches per plant, seeds
per plant and seed yield were significantly affected by various levels of
applied phosphorous and tillage systems. Among different phosphorous levels, 90
kg P ha-1 produced maximum pods
bearing branches per plant (4.52),
seeds per plant (78.26) and
seed yield (1064 kg ha-1).
While, among different tillage systems, conventional tillage gave relatively
better pods bearing branches per
seeds per plant (81.81) and
seed yield (1142.3 kg ha-1)
than others. However
in case of interaction, the conventional tillage + 90 kg P ha-1 performed
better and gave the maximum pods bearing branches per
plant (4.9), seeds per plant (94.71),
straw yield (4090 kg ha-1)
and seed yield(1243 kg ha-1) as compared to others. Conventional
tillage + 90 kg P ha-1 also gave higher gross income (1945 USD ha-1), net
income (1568 USD ha-1) and benefit cost ratio (5.16).
It was concluded from this study that conventional tillage + 90 kg P ha-1
could be successfully utilized on economic basis in order to get better seed
yield in agro-climatic conditions of Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Keywords: Economics, phosphorous levels, tillage systems, seed yield.
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