Greener Journal of Agronomy, Forestry and Horticulture

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Greener Journal of Agronomy, Forestry and Horticulture Vol. 4 (1), pp. 001-011, June 2016.

ISSN: 2354-2306 © 2015 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 050616086



Effects of Different Sowing Methods on the Germination, Early Growth and Yield of Echinops giganteus


Anjah GM*1, Nkemnkeng FJ1, Tacham WN2


1Dept. of Plant Biology, University of Dschang, P.O. Box 67 Dschang, Cameroon.

2Dept. of Biological Sciences, University of Bamenda, P.O. Box 39, Bambili, Cameroon.


Background: Investigations were carried out on the effect of different sowing methods on seed germination, early seedlings growth and yield of E. giganteus. Seeds sowing methods is an important parameter that influence germination, early growth and yield of most crops species. Many authors have used several methods in this domain such as broadcasting, sowing single, sowing triple, drilling and variation in distance of sowing.


Methods: The sowing methods used were broadcasting (BC), sowing single (SS) and sowing triple (ST) respectively. The experiment was laid out in a split plot Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with 300 seeds for each sowing methods and three replicates. Seeds were sown on prepared germination beds with respect to various sowing methods. The plot was cleared, ploughed and partitioned following systematic random sampling. The plot was treated with a systemic fungicide and nematicide prior to sowing of seeds. Germination was monitored daily for a period of one month and data on latent period, germination percentage and germination speed was collected. Early growth parameters such as shoot height (H), collar diameter (CD), number of leaves (NL), root length (RL) and plant yield were measured every two weeks from the 11th to the 17th week. 


Results: Germination commenced on the 5th day for seeds that were sown single and triple. Seeds broadcast started germinating from the 8th and 11th day. The germination period ranged from 5 to 20 days. Sowing methods significantly affected the cumulative germination percentage and plant yield (p<0.05).


Conclusion: Seeds sown triple had the highest germination percentage and plant yield.  The germination speed, plant height, collar diameter, number of leaves and root length were not significant in all the sowing methods. Germination of E. giganteus seeds can be done based on the information given in this study.


Keywords: Echinops giganteus, germination, seeds, sowing methods.

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