Maposa and Mhaka
Greener Journal of Art and Humanities Vol. 3 (2), pp. 024-029, August 2013
© 2011 Greener Journals
Indigenous culture and water technology: A reflection on the significance of the Shona culture in light of climate change in Zimbabwe
*1Richard S. Maposa and 2Edison Mhaka
Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Department of Curruculum Studies, Faculty of Arts, Great Zimbabwe University.
2Email: edisonmhaka4 @ gmail. com, +263 777 311 810
*Corresponding Author’s Email: maposars @ gmail. com, Tel: +263773395530
The study examines the indigenous Shona culture with a view to assess its relevance to contemporary society’s water technology in Zimbabwe. The study posits that the Shona people have unique ways of managing the community water supplies. The study further claims that there are some Shona cultural beliefs and practices which are consistent with technological changes. An understanding of some elements of the Shona culture is a prerequisite for a successful implementation of modern technological innovations in the contexts of the current climate changes. The policy makers and implementers on water technological innovations should ensure that the indigenous knowledge systems (IKSs) are studied and embraced so as to blend with the western technological values in order to mitigate the challenges associated with climate change. Methodologically, the qualitative research design was adopted in this study. Data collection techniques included the interview, observation and documentary analysis. Sampling methods were also used, notably, purposive sampling and snowball sampling. The study recommends that the particular Shona cultural beliefs and practices that are consistent with the water management in the communities should be strengthened towards enhancing water technological changes. Accordingly, similar cultural studies should be further conducted with other indigenous ethno-linguistic groups across the country and beyond.
Keywords: Climate Change, Culture, Water Technology, Indigenous Knowledge Systems, Taboos, Rituals.