Tadesse et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (4), pp. 262-270, April 2013.
Manuscript Number: 021313457
Current status, Potentials and challenges of Cassava production, processing, marketing and utilization: Evidence from Southern Ethiopia
Tesfaye Tadesse1*, Getahun Degu2, Ermias Shonga3,
Shiferaw Mekonen4, Temesgene Addis5 and Birhanu Yakob6
1Horticulturist, Hawassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box o6.
2Socio-economist, Hawassa Agricultural Research center.
3Entomologiest and Nematologiest, Hawassa Agricultural Research center.
4Pathologiest, Hawassa Agricultural Research Center.
5Entomologiest and Nematologiest, Hawassa Agricultural Research center.
6 Food science and post harvest handling, Hawassa Agricultural Research Center.
1*Corresponding Author’s Email: tesfayet2@ yahoo. com
Fax: +251462200084 Tel: +251911440971
The paper provides primary information on the status,
potentials and challenges of cassava production, utilization
and marketing major cassava growing areas of southern
Ethiopia. The study was conducted in five purposively
selected sample Woredas / districts of SNNPR, Amaro,
Kindokoyesha, Gofa, Arbamench Zuria and Konso based on
cassava production potential and accessibility in
consultation with Zonal and Woreda bureau of agriculture. A
total of 200 sample respondents, 40 from each district were
selected and interviewed using structured questionnaire. The
study also considered information from secondary sources The
data collected from the sample respondents and secondary
sources were analyzed using descriptive statistic and use of
statistical software package SPSS, 2011. The result
indicated that cassava stands first in both production and
productivity followed by sweet potato and maize in belge
(short rainy season) while during Meher (long rainy season)
the reverse was observed. The mean land holding (ha) of a
household in the study areas were 0.93, 0.46, 1.22, 0.56 and
0.73 for Amaro, Kindo Koyisha, Demba Gofa, Konso and
Arbamench respectively. The overall mean of land holding in
the study area was 0.78 ha. The mean land holding of sample
household allocated for cassava production in the study area
was 0.20 ha. Area allocated for improved and local cultivar
cassava average for the study area is 0.19 and 0.30 ha
respectively. Land preparation for all crops under cassava
farming system was carried out by using outdated and labor
intensive tools such as hoe (66%) and ox plough (33%) of
sample farmer’s average for the five districts. Income
generated from cassava was by selling fresh cassava root
from the farm and/or the nearby local market. In the same
way, processed cassava products especially cassava chips and
flours were consumed and sold in the study area. The quality
of the planting material that the farmers were using had
average quality as to 52% of sampled farmers and 36% using
high quality planting materials. Most of the farmers obtain
planting materials from their own savings but few had gotten
from relatives, friends and other sources. The two improved
varieties introduced to the farmers were kello (44/72 red)
and Qulle (104/72 Nigerian red). The adoption rate for the
improved varieties by the sampled farmers in the study area
in average was only 30%. There were some constraints in
cassava production areas. Among which insect pest invasion,
lack of early maturing variety, shortage of land, low
moisture stress and low market demand and/or price were
among the most important ones. Therefore, labor saving farm
implements, management of cassava scale insects and existing
post harvest processing equipments needs to be improved.
Development and demonstration of early maturing cassava
varieties is also a pertinent area to contribute to solve
the existing problems of cassava producing areas.
Keywords: farming system, Woreda, Zone, scale insect.
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