Arbaoui et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (3), pp. 091-100, April 2014.
Bioaccumulation and Photosynthetic Activity Response of Kenaf (Hibicus cannabinus L.) to Cadmium and Zinc
Sarra Arbaoui1*, Bruno Campanella2, Salah Rezgui1,
Roger Paul2, Taoufik Bettaieb1
1Horticultural Science laboratory, National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia, 43 avenue Charles Nicolle, 1082 Tunis Mahragene, Tunisia.
2Environmental Toxicology Laboratory, Gembloux Ago Bio Tech, 2, Passage de Déportés,
5030 Gembloux, Belgium.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: saraharb @ hotmail. fr
response of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) to Zn/Cd
contamination in soil was investigated using pot experiment.
Plants were grown on soils containing increasing doses of
two metals. Zn and Cd were applied alone or combined. Growth
parameters as well as content of photosynthetic pigments,
and photosynthetic performance were determined. Soil and
plant tissue were analyzed by atomic absorption
spectrometry. Metal concentration in plants increased when
metal dose in soil increased. The Zn and Cd concentrations
were analyzed in order of root >leaf>stem. The Zn-Cd
interaction reduced the Cd concentration in plants and
alleviates the toxicity of Cd on photosynthetic system, and
showed that Cd and Zn acted synergistically to Cd
accumulation in plants. The reduction of photosynthetic
activity observed did not correlate with the changes in the
biomass production. Hibiscus cannabinus L. could be
an accumulator candidate of Cd and Zn contaminated sites.
Keywords: Zn-Cd interaction, translocation, phytoremediation, kenaf.
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