Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Magembe et al

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (3), pp. 101-109, April 2014.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2011 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 020514093

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2014.3.020514093

 

Evaluation of Livestock- Crop Enterprise Diversity Associated with Shift from Pastoral to Agro-Pastoral Farming Systems in Transmara West District of Narok County- Kenya

                                                                                   

Magembe E.M.1*, Bebe B.O.2, Lagat J.K.3

 

1Department of Agriculture, Meru University of Science and Technology

P.O BOX, 972-60200, Meru.

2Department of Animal Production, Egerton University, Box 536, Njoro, Kenya.

3Department of Agricultural Economics and Business Management, Egerton University,

Box 536, Njoro, Kenya.

 

*Corresponding Author’s Email: esymachana @ yahoo. com, Tel: +254725719013

Abstract:

The Kenyan Government in partnership with the private sector has set up co-operative societies for marketing livestock and livestock products in TransMara west district of Narok County. These co-operatives are supposed to trigger extensive expansion in livestock production. Despite perceived steady incomes, high turnover and ready market for livestock associated with existence of cooperatives in the area, the pastoral Maasai community is shifting from pastoralism to agro-pastoralism. This community is strongly traditional with much cultural and economic attachment to livestock. The shift in livelihoods could be following a rational and economic decision with effects on the diversity of livestock and crops but empirical evidence is lacking to ascertain this assumption. Evaluating livestock and crop enterprise diversities associated with the shift may explain the rationale of observed behavior and inform development strategies for such areas. Specific objective of the study was to compare pastoral and agro-pastoral based livelihoods for livestock and crop enterprise diversities of the farming systems associated with the shift. Data were collected from a sample of 130 households through interview schedule. The diversity of crops and livestock was based on Shannon index. The findings indicated that the diversity for crops was 0.3 units higher in agro-pastoral farming compared to pastoral farming.
 
 Keywords: Maasai community, decision, livelihoods, shift, livestock and crop diversities.

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