Magembe et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (3), pp. 101-109, April 2014.
Manuscript Number: 020514093
Evaluation of Livestock- Crop Enterprise Diversity Associated with Shift from Pastoral to Agro-Pastoral Farming Systems in Transmara West District of Narok County- Kenya
Magembe E.M.1*, Bebe B.O.2, Lagat J.K.3
1Department of Agriculture, Meru University of Science and Technology
P.O BOX, 972-60200, Meru.
2Department of Animal Production, Egerton University, Box 536, Njoro, Kenya.
3Department of Agricultural Economics and Business Management, Egerton University,
Box 536, Njoro, Kenya.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: esymachana @ yahoo. com, Tel: +254725719013
Kenyan Government in partnership with the private sector has
set up co-operative societies for marketing livestock and
livestock products in TransMara west district of Narok
County. These co-operatives are supposed to trigger
extensive expansion in livestock production. Despite
perceived steady incomes, high turnover and ready market for
livestock associated with existence of cooperatives in the
area, the pastoral Maasai community is shifting from
pastoralism to agro-pastoralism. This community is strongly
traditional with much cultural and economic attachment to
livestock. The shift in livelihoods could be following a
rational and economic decision with effects on the diversity
of livestock and crops but empirical evidence is lacking to
ascertain this assumption. Evaluating livestock and crop
enterprise diversities associated with the shift may explain
the rationale of observed behavior and inform development
strategies for such areas. Specific objective of the study
was to compare pastoral and agro-pastoral based livelihoods
for livestock and crop enterprise diversities of the farming
systems associated with the shift. Data were collected from
a sample of 130 households through interview schedule. The
diversity of crops and livestock was based on Shannon index.
The findings indicated that the diversity for crops was 0.3
units higher in agro-pastoral farming compared to pastoral
Keywords: Maasai community, decision, livelihoods, shift, livestock and crop diversities.
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