Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Tarig et al

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (8), pp. 628-636, August 2013.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number:071013715

 

Performance of Animal Drawn Planter on Establishment and Productivity of Groundnut in North Kordofan of Sudan

 

Tarig Eltayeb Ahmed*, Sawsan Kamal Eldin Hassan,

Mohamoud Abdalla Mohamoud, Yasir Ebrahim Ahmed and 

Salih Elagab Elsheikh

 

Elobied Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation, ARC, Elobied, Sudan, P. O. Box 429, 

Tel +2499-121 24 193.

 

*Corresponding Author’s Email: tarige1973 @ yahoo.com


Abstract:

In Sudan, groundnut is important in terms of area cultivated, oil and cash export crop. However, the labor requirement for field production considered as the main constraint in groundnut cultivation. Field experiments were conducted in three locations namely El-Obeid research station, El-Nuhoud and Elmahana on sandy soil during two consecutive seasons, 2011/2012 and 2012/2013. The objective of experiment was to evaluate the effect of animal drawn planter on establishment and yield of groundnut in sandy soil. In this experiment, two types of sowing methods were used, the animal drawn planter and manual sowing. The animal drawn planter is simple, locally made and easily operated and maintained by farmers. The treatments were arranged in randomize plots with three replicates and analyzed by t-test. The parameters observed were sowing time, plant population, depth of sowing, uniformity %,weeding %, 50% flowering; and yield and hay production. The results showed that there were highly significant differences between the animal drawn planter and manual for a parameters such as time for sowing, sowing depth, plant population, uniformity of seeding, in groundnut cultivation weeding efficiency, seed and hay yield (kg/ha). The animal drawn planter saves sowing time by 86.6 % compared to manual sowing. It also gave better crop establishment, distribution and uniformity of plant population which resulted in higher yield (1583.9hk/ha) than that of manual treatment (998kg/ha). The results of the economic analysis revealed that the animal drawn planter sowing recorded the highest net return and marginal rate of return (922%) compared to manual sowing for groundnut under rain-fed condition in north kordofan state.
 
Keywords: Animal Drawn planter, Sandy Soil, Groundnut Productivity, Establishment, Sudan.

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