Tarig et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (8), pp. 628-636, August 2013.
Performance of Animal Drawn Planter on Establishment and Productivity of Groundnut in North Kordofan of Sudan
Tarig Eltayeb Ahmed*, Sawsan Kamal Eldin Hassan,
Mohamoud Abdalla Mohamoud, Yasir Ebrahim Ahmed and
Salih Elagab Elsheikh
Elobied Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation, ARC, Elobied, Sudan, P. O. Box 429,
Tel +2499-121 24 193.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: tarige1973 @ yahoo.com
In Sudan, groundnut is important in terms of area
cultivated, oil and cash export crop. However, the labor
requirement for field production considered as the main
constraint in groundnut cultivation. Field experiments were
conducted in three locations namely El-Obeid research
station, El-Nuhoud and Elmahana on sandy soil during two
consecutive seasons, 2011/2012 and 2012/2013. The objective
of experiment was to evaluate the effect of animal drawn
planter on establishment and yield of groundnut in sandy
soil. In this experiment, two types of sowing methods were
used, the animal drawn planter and manual sowing. The animal
drawn planter is simple, locally made and easily operated
and maintained by farmers. The treatments were arranged in
randomize plots with three replicates and analyzed by
t-test. The parameters observed were sowing time, plant
population, depth of sowing, uniformity %,weeding %, 50%
flowering; and yield and hay production. The results showed
that there were highly significant differences between the
animal drawn planter and manual for a parameters such as
time for sowing, sowing depth, plant population, uniformity
of seeding, in groundnut cultivation weeding efficiency,
seed and hay yield (kg/ha). The animal drawn planter saves
sowing time by 86.6 % compared to manual sowing. It also
gave better crop establishment, distribution and uniformity
of plant population which resulted in higher yield
(1583.9hk/ha) than that of manual treatment (998kg/ha). The
results of the economic analysis revealed that the animal
drawn planter sowing recorded the highest net return and
marginal rate of return (922%) compared to manual sowing for
groundnut under rain-fed condition in north kordofan state.
Keywords: Animal Drawn planter, Sandy Soil, Groundnut Productivity, Establishment, Sudan.
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