Adejumo et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (7), pp. 295-301, August 2014.
ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 062414278
Potential Health Risks of Bio-systems Exposed to Restricted Aluminium Phosphide in Katsina State, Nigeria
Adejumo I.O.1*, Ologhobo A.D.2, Babalola T.O.3, Adebiyi O.A.2 and Ajala A.O.4
1Department of Animal Science, Landmark University, P.M.B. 1001, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria.
2Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
3Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Federal University, Oye Ekiti, Nigeria.
4Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: smogisaac @gmail .com
The study was carried out to assess the technical competence of handling agricultural pesticides among grain farmers in grain producing states in Nigeria. The study was conducted in Katsina State of Nigeria. Multistage sampling method was employed and four local government areas were selected for the study. The local government areas include Faskari, Funtua, Danja and Bakori. Fifty respondents were chosen at random from two villages in each local government area to make a total of 200 respondents in all. Information on the most commonly used maize preservative pesticides were obtained through structured questionnaires. The mean age of respondents ranged between 43-52%, majority of the respondents had little or no formal education. The most commonly used maize storage pesticide was aluminium phosphide (35-44%). Misuse of aluminium phosphide, a restricted pesticide in the study areas seems to be inevitable due to high level of illiteracy among the farmers.
Keywords: bio-system, exposure, health risks, Nigeria, pesticide.
Adejumo IO, Ologhobo AD, Alabi OO and Bamiro OM (2014a). Potential hazards due to misuse of aluminium phosphide in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Nova Explore Publications, 2(2):1-8. www.novaexplore.com
Adejumo IO, Ologhobo AD, Adedeji IA, Ogunjimi SI (2014b). Status of exposure of bio-systems to restricted aluminium phosphide pesticide in Kano State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Research in Knowledge, 2(7):306-312. http://www.ijsrpub.com/ijsrk, http://dx.doi.org/10.12983/ijsrk-2014-p0306-0312
Akunyili D (2008). 20,000 die annually of food poisoning. Nigeria Best Forum.
Bumbrah GS, Krishan K, Kanchan T and Sharma M (2012). Phosphide poisoning: a review of literature. Forensic Science International. 214:1-6.
Denning G, Kabambe P, Sanchez P, Malik A and Flor R (2009). Input Subsidies to Improve Smallholder Maize Productivity in Malawi: Toward an African Green Revolution. PLoS Biol., 7(1): e1000023. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000023
Kishi M (2005). The health impacts of pesticides: what do we know? In: Pretty J. (ed.) The Pesticide Detox: towards a more sustainable agriculture, London, Pp 23-38.
Larson B (2003). Hygiene and health in developing countries: defining priorities through cost-benefit assessment. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 13:37-46.
Njoku P (2010). Rising cases of food poisoning worries minister. Daily Independent, Saturday February 13, 2010.
Ogah CO and Coker HB (2012). Quantification of organophosphate and carbamate pesticide residues in maize. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2(9):93-97. DOI: 107324/JAPS.20122919.
Okoedo-Okojie DU and Onomolease EA (2009). Factors affecting the adoption of yam storage technologies in the Northern ecological zone of Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology. 27(2):155-160.
Okolie NP, Aligbe JU and Osakue EE (2004). Phostoxin-induced biochemical and pathomorphological changes in rabbits. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 42:1096-9.
Olakojo SA and Akinlosotu TA (2004). Comparative study of storage methods of maize grains in South Western Nigeria. Africa Journal of Biotechnology. 3(7):362-365.
Oluwole O and Cheke RA (2009). Health and environmental impacts of pesticide use practices: a case study of farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. 7(3):153-163.
Owusu EO (2001). Effect of some Ghanian plant components on control of two stored product insect pests of cereals. J. Stored Prod. Res. 37:85-91.
Owusu EO, Osafo WK and Nutsukpuli ER (2007). Bioactivities of candlewood, Zanthoxylum xanthoxyloides (Lam) solvent extracts against tow stored-product insect pest. Afr. J. Sci. Technol. 8:17-21.
Perez JL, Navero I, De Rosa LAI, Perez MAF, M.J. Arroyo MJ and Perez PJ (2009). Intoxicaci´on letal por inhalaci´on accidental de fosfuro alum´ınico. An Pediatr. (Barc). 71(5):427–431.
Tijani AA (2006). Pesticide use and safety issues: the case of cocoa farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology. 19:183-190.
Tucker JD, Moore DH, Ramsey MJ, Kato P, Langlois RG and Burroughs B (2003). Multi-endpoint biological monitoring of phosphine workers. Mutat. Res. 536:7-14.
World Health Organization (2000). The WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticide by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification. WHO, Geneva.
Jones AL and Volans G (1999). Management of self- poisoning. BMJ, 320:712.
Zuryn S, Kuang J and Ebert P (2008). Mitonchondrial modulation of phosphine toxicity and resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans. Toxicological Sciences, 102(1):179-186.