Isa et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (7), pp. 226-233, August 2016.
Manuscript Number: 071316118
Geospatial Assessment of Crop Water Requirement for Yield Optimization of Oil Palm in South West Nigeria
Isa Ibrahim*1, Orewole O. Maruf2, Abayomi T. Alaga1
1Cooperative Information Network, National Space Research and Development Agency, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
2National Centre for Technology Management (NACETEM), Federal Ministry of Science and Technology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Oil palm is a very important crop because of many products that are generated from it, which can boost the economy of Nigeria and create job opportunities for teeming Nigerian youths. The crop is being cultivated, although not maximum capacity, in many areas of the country. The major factors considered in oil palm cultivation are soil type and climate especially temperature and rainfall. This study assessed the crop water requirements for yield optimization of oil palm in Southwest Nigeria. The study showed that the greater percentage of the Southwest Nigeria is suitable for the crop’s cultivation. However, the crop water requirements of oil palm increase northwards from the humid forest zone to the Sahel savannah zone of the study area. Moisture is available for oil palm’s utilization in the savannah region but not in abundant quantity as in the southern humid forest zone. Irrigation requirements increase from humid forest agro ecological zone to the Sahel savannah zone. The study therefore suggests that yield optimization could be achieved through complementing the rainfall with irrigation water.
Keywords: Crop water requirement, irrigation, yield optimization, agro ecological zones.
Central Bank of Nigeria/NISER, 1992, The Impact of Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) on Nigerian Agriculture and Rural Life, Vol. One, CBN/NISER SAP Impact Study
FAO (1986). Early agrometeorological crop yield assessment. FAO plant production and protection, paper 73, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Gurmit Sigh (1999). Optimal agro-management practices for maximum oil palm productivity; various aspects of large scale oil palm cultivation on peat soil. The Incorporated Society of Planters, Central Sarawak Branch, Sibu, Sarawak, pp. 66-85.
Janick, J. and Paul, R.E., editors. (2008) The Encyclopedia of Fruits and Nuts. Cambridge, MA. CABI.
Kei, K; Mywish, M and Duncan, B (1997).Transformation Versus Stagnation in the Oil Palm Industry: A Comparison between Malaysia and Nigeria”. Staff Paper 97-5.
Olagunju, F. I. (2008). Economics of Palm Oil Processing in Southwestern Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and RuralDevelopment 1 (2):69-77.
Call for Articles/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.