Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 2 (8), pp.370-377, December 2012

 ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2011 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number:102512151


Aggregation and regeneration capacity of vegetation in Kotli hills, Azad Jammu and Kashmir  

Muhammad Shoaib Amjad  


University of Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan  

Email: malikshoaib1165 @


Degree of aggregation and age classes in forests of Kotli hills were recorded in relation to environmental variable and underlying anthropogenic influence. Aggregated species (36.27%) were dominant in the area followed by the intermediate species with share of 36.27 and 33.16 respectively. Similarly regeneration capacity of the forest shows that Pinus roxburghii and Punica granatum were the only regenerating species in the investigated area. The remaining eight species viz: Olea ferruginea, Quercus dilatata, Flacourtia indica Celtis eriocarpa, Grewia villosa, Acacia modesta, Ficus palmata and Mallotus philipensis were not regenerating due to deforestation and overgrazing. These species are in endangered condition.
Keywords: Aggregation, Regenerating Capacity, Kotli, Pinus roxburhaii, Acacia community

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