Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness

  
  

Change Language

Edward et al

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 2 (8), pp.398-405, December 2012

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number:110712239

 

Effect of spacing and cutting management on survival, growth and biomass production of Moringa oleifera intercropped with maize on-farm at Gairo inland plateau, Morogoro in Tanzania  


Ezekiel Edward, Shabani A.O. Chamshama, Yonika M. Ngaga and Mathew A. Mndolwa  

 

Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P. O. Box 3010, Morogoro, Tanzania
Tanzania Forestry Research Institute, P. O. Box 95, Lushoto, Tanzania.

Corresponding Author’s Email: mathewmndolwa @ yahoo.com


Abstract:

A study was carried out at Gairo, Tanzania to determine appropriate planting spacing and cutting management for optimising maize yield without jeorpadising the potential of Moringa oleifera to produce sufficient biomass. Two trials (on-farm spacing-intercropping and on-farm pollarding height-intercropping) were laid out using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Assessments were done at tree ages of 6, 12, and18 for the spacing trial and at tree ages of 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months for the pollarding trial. Grain weights were measured on a yearly basis (seasons). Plot means for all response variables were subjected to standard Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA) and significant means were separated by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Results for the spacing trial showed that, overall all growth parameters increased significantly with spacing, and tree growth was generally higher in monoculture compared to intercropped plots. During the last assessment, foliar and stem biomass ranged from 571.57 kg/ha for maize+150cm pollarding height to 682.15 kg/ha for maize+50 cm pollarding height and from 181.72 kg/ha for 150 cm pollarding height to 254.29 kg/ha for maize+100 cm pollarding height respectively. Moringa intercropping is recommended to be done only during the first cropping season, due to severe competition thereafter.
 
Keywords: Moringa, Gairo, pollarding, maize

Return to Content   View Reprint (PDF) (212KB) 


Call for Articles/Books/Thesis

Call for Scholarly Articles


Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.


The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.


Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to gjas@acad.gjournals.org or manuscripts.igj@gmail.com.


Call for Books


You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas.    Submit as an e-mail attachment to books@acad.gjournals.org.




Search

Login Form

Other Journals


Newsletters


Sponsored