Langat et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 2 (8), pp.362-369, December 2012
Household Food Security in Commercialized Subsistence Economies: Factors Influencing Dietary Diversity of Smallholder Tea Farmers in Nandi South, Kenya
Langat, B.K., T.K. Sulo, P.M. Nyangweso, V.K. Ngéno, M.K. Korir, M.J. Kipsat
Department of Agricultural Economics and Resource Management, Moi University,
P.O Box, 1125, Eldoret,
Corresponding Author’s Email: langatben2002 @ yahoo.com
Policies fronting commercialization of agriculture in Kenya
assumed that realization of increased household incomes,
through cultivation of cash crops, would guarantee improved
food security and subsequent reduction of poverty.
Population pressure has led to competition for limited land
resource, coupled with unfavorable poverty indicators; they
have impacted negatively on food access in the district.
Factors influencing households’ food security among
smallholder tea farmers in Nandi South was investigated
using a modified Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS).
Multi-stage proportional-to-size cluster sampling was used
to sample 180 households. Results showed that income,
savings, food storage, land productivity, off-farm income,
ratio of land allocated to tea significantly influence
household dietary diversity. Policies that aim at improving
household food security among smallholder cash crop farmers
should target at increasing and diversifying household
income sources and farm enterprises, provision of saving
opportunities, storage facilities and proper allocation of
land resource between cash crops and food crops.
Key words: Household Food Security, Subsistence Economy, Tea farmer, Kenya
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