Osewa et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (12), pp. 823-828, December 2013.
ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 060913822
Occupational Hazards and Safety Practices of Cocoa Farmers in Obokun Local Government of Osun State
*1Osewa S.O., 1O. Alamu, 2H.O. Okonkwo,
1I.S. Adetiloye and 1Ajayi D.A.
1National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (NACGRAB), P.M.B 5382 Moor-plantation, Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria.
2Swamp Forest Research Institute of Nigeria, Onne, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: sundayosewa @ yahoo.com
This study focused on the occupational hazards and safety
practices of cocoa farmers in Obokun Local Government of
Osun State. A well-structured questionnaire was used to
obtain information from the study area. Five (5) villages
were randomly selected because they are predominantly cocoa
producing area in the state and twenty-four (24) respondents
were selected from each village resulting to a total of One
hundred and twenty respondents. Majority (80%) of the
respondents’ falls between 36-65 years, 77.5% are male and
married (78.5%). In addition, majority (50.8%) of the
respondents preferred radio as their source of information
and chemical toxicity/poisoning was the major hazards facing
cocoa farmers in the state. Majority (87.5%) agreed that
timing of farm operations is an important safety measure and
inadequate capital as a severe constraint. The test of
hypotheses revealed that there was no significant
relationship between the personal characteristics (age, sex,
marital status, religion, household size, primary and
secondary occupations) and safety practices of cocoa
farmers. In contrary, there was a significant relationship
between the level of education of cocoa farmers and their
safety practices. The correlation result showed that there
was no significant relationship between the knowledge of
cocoa farmers and their safety practices. It was recommended
that extension agents should collaborate with ministry of
health to educate cocoa farmers on safety measures to
improve their health, production, standard of living and
hence, good returns to the farmers.
Keywords: Occupational hazards, chemical toxicity, safety practices, knowledge.