Akhideno et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (10), pp. 289-293, December 2017.
ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2017 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 102817159
Toxic Effects of Erythrophleum ivorense A.Chev (Bark) on Stem- Borer Insect Pest on the Growth and Reproductive Stages of Maize Plant (zea mays)
*Akhideno L.O.1, Ogboru R.O.2 and E.A. Owoeye1
1 Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria; Moist Forest Research Station, P.M.B 2444, Benin-city.
2 Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria: Research Control Unit, Jericho Hills, P.M.B. 5087, Ibadan.
Erythrophleum ivorense efficacy of its steep water extract to control yellow stem borer in maize plant during the growth and vegetative stages was investigated in the Science laboratory Department of Federal Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria. The extract (steep water) was applied at the rate of 0 (control), 5, 10, 15 and 20 mlkg-1. The result obtained showed that Erthrophleum ivorense (water extract) at 10mlkg-1 to 20mlkg-1 were effective in the control of stem borer at 0.01% level of significance. It also revealed the strong insecticidal action of E. ivorense on maize insect pest. However, with increasing concentration of the E. ivorense at 20mlkg-1, giving the highest mortality rate residual action and the reproductive at 89.15%, 76% and 0% respectively. This finding provides a good resource for poor farmers in developing countries who will find this trial affordable than buying chemical pesticides.
Keywords: Erythrophleum ivorense, (steep water extract) maize, stem borer and Bio-pesticides.
Abdullahi, Y.M and Muhammed,S. (2003). “Assessment of the toxic potential of some plant powders on survival and development of callosobuchus maculates.” Department of Biological Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo university sokoto, Nigeria.
Amusan and T.G Okorie (2002). The use of piper guineense fruits oil (PTO) as protectant of dried fish against Dermestes maculatus (Degree) infestation published in the Global journal of pure and Applied Science vol 8, No 2.
Aigbokhan, E.I (2014). Annotated checklist of vascular plant of southern Nigeria. P9 86:211 FAO (2006): FAOSTAT; Food and Agriculture, Database result.
Ivbijaro, M.F (1990): Toxic effects of groundnut oil in the rice weevil, sitophilus oryzae. Insect Science and its Application,5(4)251-252.
Ivbijaro, M.F (1990): Efficiency of seed oil of Azadirachta indica A. juss and piper guineense schum and thonn on the control of callosobruchus maculatus F. insect science and its Application 11(2):149-152.
Jose, A.R. and J.M. Adesina (2013). Damaged suppression of stored maize infested by maize weevil using Bridellia micrantha and Chasmanthra dependens leaves powder. Proceedings of the 47th Annual Conference of the Agricultural society of Nigeria.Pp 38-41
Koehler, P.G (2002). Rice weevil, sitophilus oryzae (coleoprera curculionidac). Entomology and Nematology Department. Cooperation Extension Service, Institute of food and Agricultural Science, University of florida, Geinesvilla, 326:11.
Murugan, K. (2006). Biopesticides as environmentally soft tool for the management of insects/ mosquito vectors. Int. symp. On Biocont. And Biotech. Madurai. P.34
Ogboru R.O., Akhideno, L.O. and Owoeye, E.A. (2017): Chemical Composition and medicinal potentials of the bark of Erythrophleum ivorense A. Chev. Journal of Bioscience and Biotechnology Discovery. 2:15-20
Okonkwo, E.U (1998): Bibliography. A bibliography of plant materials used for controlling insect pest of stored products in Nigeria. Review of Agricultural Entomology 30pp
Onolemhemhem, P.O and Oigiangbe, C.N (1991): Biology Callosobruchus Maculates (fabr) on cowpea (vigna unguiculata) and pigeon pea (cajanu scajan L .Druce) treated with vegetable oil and Thriol samoru Jor Agricultural Resources 8:57-63.
Peter, D.S. (1985): An introduction of insect pest and their control. Macmillan press Ltd pp1-73.
Ulebor, J.A. and Onolemhemhem, P.O (2002). Laboratory investigation on xylopia aethiopica and piper guineense seed powder and oil extracts on the of sitophilus oryzae M.Sc Thesis, Ambrose Alli university, Ekpoma 61pp.
Udo, I.O (2000): Efficacy of candle wood Zanthoxylum Xanthoxyloide Lam, for the control of three stored product pests. M. phil. Thesis University of Ghana Legon, Accra 81pp.
Udo, I.O (2005): Evaluation of the potential of some local spices as stored grain protectants against the maize weevil, sitohilus zeamais mots (coleopteran curculiondae). Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management vol 9. No1, pp165- 168.