Njiayouom et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 5 (1), pp. 014-022, February 2015.
Manuscript Number: 081214324
Adaptability and Response of NERICA Upland Rice Varieties to Fertilizer Application in the Mono Modal Rainfall Forest Zone of Cameroon
1Njiayouom Ibrahim, *2Ngome Ajebesone Francis,
3Suh Christopher, 4Misse Alain
Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) Cameroon.
Emails: 1Email: njiayou @yahoo. fr, 3Email: suhchristopher @yahoo. com, 4Email: christianmisse @yahoo. fr
*Corresponding Author’s Email: ngomajebe @ yahoo.com; Phone number: (+237)78967402
A study was conducted in Barombi-kang, in the forest agro-ecological zone with mono modal rainfall pattern in Cameroon to evaluate the adaptability of selected NERICA upland rice varieties and their response to fertilizer application. A factorial split plot experimental design in a randomized complete block with three replications was used. The first factor included: T0 (unfertilized control), T1 (200 kg NPK / ha + urea 100 kg/ha) and the second factor included 7 varieties of rice namely NERICA 1, NERICA 2, NERICA 3, NERICA 4, NERICA 8, NERICA 10 and Fofifa. Varieties tested were well adapted to the mono modal rain forest agro-ecological zone. Thus, average cycle duration was 100 days and grain yield ranged between 1.4 and 2.3 t/ha without fertilizer use. Yield and yield components were significantly (p<0.05) enhanced by fertilizer application particularly grain yield (146%), grain per panicle (59%), straw yield (50%). Highly significant correlations (p<0.05; r = 0.60 to 0.90) were observed between grain yield and most of the yield components. Further studies are warranted to address the yield gap existing between farmers' practice and on-station research before disseminating these varieties to farmers.
Keywords: agro-ecological zone, Barombi-kang, fertilizer, Oryza sativa, split-plot.
ADRAO (Centre du riz pour l’Afrique) (2002). Sélection variétale participative : l’étincelle d’où jaillit la flamme. Bouaké, Côte d’ivoire : Centre du riz pour l’Afrique (ADRAO), 32 pp.
ADRAO (Centre du riz pour l’Afrique) (2008). Guide pratique de la culture des NERICA de plateau. Cotonou, Bénin : Centre du riz pour l’Afrique (ADRAO), 36 pp.
Alam MM, Hassanuzzaman M and Nahar K (2009). Tillers dynamics of the three irrigated rice varieties under varying phosphorus levels. American-Eurasian J. Agron. 2: 89-94.
Ali, ME, Islam MR and Jahiruddin M (2009). Effect of integrated use of organic manures with chemical fertilizers in the rice-rice cropping system and its impact on soil health. Bangladesh J. Agric. Res. 34: 81-90.
Chaturvedi I (2005). Effect of nitrogen fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of hybrid rice (Oryza sativa). J. Central European Agric. 6: 611-618.
Consuelo M, Perez B, Juliano, Liboon PS, Alcantara JM and Kenneth G (1996). Effects of late nitrogen fertilizer application on head rice yield, protein content, and grain quality of rice. Cereal Chem. 73:556-560.
Dastan S, Siavoshi M, Zakavi D, Ghanbaria-malidarreh A, Yadi R, Ghorbannia DE and Nasiri AR (2012). Application of nitrogen and silicon rates on morphological and chemical lodging related characteristics in rice (Oryza sativa L.) north of iran. J. Agric. Sci. : 4(6).
Dévérin Y, Volvey A, Houssay-Holzschuch M, Rodarry E, Surun I and Bennafla K (2005). l’ADRAO et le nerica, "riz miracle africain". L’Afrique, coll. Clefs-concours, Atlande, 288 p.
Dobermann A and Fairhurst T (2000). Rice: Nutrient disorders and nutrient management. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines, PPI, U.S.A., and PPIC, Canada p 190.
FAO (2014). Rice production statistics for Cameroon in 2012. In www.fao.org/faostat (Retrieved 10th of April 2014).
Gebrekidan H and Seyoum M (2006). Effect of mineral N and P fertilizers on yield and yield components of flooded lowland rice on vertisols of fogera plain, Ethiopia. J. Agric. Rural Dev. Trop. Subtrop. 107: 161–176.
IRTA (Instiyut de Recerca I Technologia Agroalimentaries) (2004). Le riz, quelle place dans l’agriculture et dans l’alimentation de demain ?, 4 p.
Liu L, Zhu Y, Tang L, Cao W and Wang E (2013). Impacts of climate changes, soil nutrients, variety types and management practices on rice yield in East China: A case study in the Taihu region. Field Crops Res. 149: 40–48.
MINADER (Ministère de l’Agriculture et du Développement Rural) (2009). Stratégie nationale de développement de la riziculture. Mouture III MINADER, Cameroun, 20 p.
Nogueira FGE, Castro IA, Bastos ARR, Souza GA, de Carvalho JG and Oliveira LCA (2011). Recycling of solid waste rich in organic nitrogen from leather industry: Mineral nutrition of rice plants. J. Hazardous Materials 186: 1064–1069.
Norman RJ, Wilson CE and Jr Slaton NA (2002). Soil fertilization and mineral nutrition in U.S. mechanized rice culture. In Rice: Origin, History, Technology, and Production, ed. CW Smith and R H Dilday, Hoboken, New Jersey: 331-411.
Olembo N, M’mboyi F and Oyugi K (2010). Success stories in crop improvement in Africa; 2010.
Sahrawat KL (2000). Macro and micronutrients removed by upland and lowland rice cultivars in West Africa. Commun. Soil Sci. plant Anal 31: 717-723.
Shimono H (2011). Earlier rice phenology as a result of climate change can increase the risk of cold damage during reproductive growth in northern Japan. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 144: 201-2007.
Swain DK and Jagtap Sandip S (2010). Development of spad values of medium-and long duration rice variety for site-specific nitrogen management. J. Agron. 9:38-44.
Toutenburg H and Shalabh (2009). Statistical analysis of designed experiments. Third edition, eds: Casella G, S. Fienberg, I. Olkin. New York Dordrecht Heidelberg London, p 611.
Vadiveloo J and Fadel JG (2009). The response of rice straw varieties to urea treatment. Animal Feed Sci. Technol.151: 291-298.
Walker T W and Street JE (2003). Rice fertilization. Information sheet° 1341 .Mississippi state university, p 4.
WARDA (West Africa Rice Development Association). Annual report. 2002. The Africa Rice Center, Bouaké, Cote D’ivoire, http://www.warda.org (retrieved, 10th April 2014).
WARDA (West Africa Rice Development Association). Annual report. 2003. The Africa Rice Center, Bouaké, Cote D’ivoire, http://www.warda.org (retrieved, 10th April 2014).
Yaser RK, Reza AM, Reza RM, Kazem K and Kaveh Z (2011). Response of yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.) to Pseudomonas flouresence and Azospirillum lipoferum under Different Nitrogen Levels. American-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 10: 387-395.
Yosef Tabar S (2012). Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus fertilizer on growth and yield rice (Oryza sativa L). Inter. J. Agron. Plant Prod. 3: 579-584.
Zhang J, LIU JL, Zhang JB, Zhao FT, Cheng YN and Wang WP (2010). Effects of Nitrogen Application rates on translocation of dry matter and Nitrogen utilization in Rice and Wheat. Acta Agronomica Sinica : 36 (10): 1736–1742.
Zhang YJ, Zhou YR, Du B and Yang JC (2008). Effects of nitrogen nutrition on grain yield of upland and paddy rice under different cultivation methods Acta Agronomica Sinica 34: 1005-1013.
Cite this Article: Njiayouom I, Ngome AF, Suh C, Misse A, 2015. Adaptability and Response of NERICA Upland Rice Varieties to Fertilizer Application in the Mono Modal Rainfall Forest Zone of Cameroon. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(1):014-022, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2015.1.081214324.
Call for Articles/Books/Thesis
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.