Osanyinlusi and Adenegan
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 6 (2), pp. 049-058, February 2016.
Manuscript Number: 122615174
The Determinants of Rice Farmers’ Productivity in Ekiti State, Nigeria
Osanyinlusi, Oladele I. and Adenegan, Kemisola O.
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
The issue of low productivity of the Nigerian farmers is becoming topical particularly in rice production. Rice is an annual crop and one of the most important staple food crops in Nigeria. Since the mid-1970, the demand for rice has been increasing at a much faster rate in Nigeria than in any other African country.
This paper therefore examines the factors affecting rice farmers’ productivity as well as constraints limiting rice production in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Primary data was used for this study with the aid of a well-designed questionnaire to collect data from 160 randomly selected rice farmers. A multi-stage random sampling procedure was used in selecting the respondents. Three major rice-producing Local Government Areas (LGAs) were purposively selected from the State, followed by the random selection of two villages from each LGA. In all, 160 rice farmers were randomly selected from six villages. The objectives were analysed using descriptive statistics, OLS regression and Likert-type scale.
The results showed that the linear functional form gave the best line of fit. R2 value was about 77% and statistically significant at 1% level. Farm size, level of education and quantity of fertilizer were positively and significantly related to productivity at 1% and 10% respectively, while years of farming experience and quantity of seeds used were negatively significant at 10% and 1% respectively. Pest infestations and financial constraints were ranked as the most challenging factors limiting rice production in the study area.
It is therefore recommended that extension services should be intensified in the area to educate the farmers on the appropriate application rate of fertilizer and seed rate per hectare. In addition, the relevant research institutes should develop a technology for controlling or preventing birds’ infestations in the area.
Keywords: Rice, Productivity, Constraint, Regression and Likert-type Scale.
Adeoti, A. I. (2002): Economic analysis of irrigation and rain-fed production systems in Kwara State, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan.
Adewuyi, J. (2002): Resource-use productivity on food crop production in Kwara state, Nigeria: Unpublished PhD thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan.
Ajani, O. I. Y. (2000): Resource productivity in food crop farming in the northern area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan.
Ajibefun A.I and Abdulkadir, A.O (2004):“Impact of Size of Farm Operation on Resource-use Efficiency in Small-scale Farming:” Evidence from South-western Nigeria.” Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment; 2 (1):359-364.
Ajibefun, I. A., Battesse G. E. and Daramola A.G. (2002): Determinants of technical efficiency in small holder food crop farming: Application of stochastic frontier production function. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 225-240.
Amaza P. S. (2000): Resource use efficiency in food crop production in Gombe state, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan.
Awotide D. O. (2004): Resource use efficiency and inputs institutions in upland rice production in Ogun State, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan.
Ayoola, J. B., Dangbegnon C., Daudu C. K., Mando A., Kudi T. M., Amapu I. Y., Adeosun J. O., and Ezui K. S. (2011): Socio-economic Factors Influencing Rice Production among Male and Female Farmers in Northern Guinea Savannah, Nigeria: Lessons for Promoting Gender Equity in Action Research. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America ISSN: 2151-7517.
Coelli, T. J. (1996): “A guide to FRONTIER Version 4.1: A computer program for stochastic frontier production and cost function estimation”. CEPA Working Paper 96/07. University of New England, Armidale, Australia.
Daramola, B. (2005): Government policies and competitiveness of Nigerian rice economy. Paper presented at the workshop on rice policy and food security in Sub-Saharan Africa. WARDA Cotonou, Republic of Benin.
Fakayode, S. B. (2009): “Technical efficiency and factor productivity in upland and lowland rice production systems in Kwara State, Nigeria:” A PhD thesis published in the University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
FAO (2003): Production Yearbook, vol. 57. Rome.
FAO (2001): Rice Statistics. Website http://www.Riceweb.org.
FAO (2000): Rice Information, vol. 2. Rome.
FEPSAN (2012): Fertilizer Producers and Suppliers Association of Nigeria, Newsletter, volume 3 (2).
Idjesa, E. N (2007): Small holders’ land management practices and technical inefficiency in maize production in Ken-Khana Local government area of Rivers state, Nigeria. Unpublished MSc thesis. Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan.
Kehinde. L. K. (2005): Efficiency of sawn wood production and distribution in Ondo State, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan.
Likert, R. A. (1932): “Technique for the measurement of attitudes,” Archives of Psychology, 140: 1-55.
Matanmi, B. M., Adesiji G. B, Owawusi, W. O and Oladipo, F. O (2011): Perceived Factors Limiting Rice Production in Patigi Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) vol. 11 (2).
Mbam and Edeh (2011): Determinants of farm productivity among smallholder rice farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 2011 Vol. 9, Issue 3: 1187- 1191.
Mustapha, S. B, Undiandeye U.C., A. M. Sanusi, A. M. Bakari S. (2012): Analysis of adoption of improved rice production technologies in Jeer local government area of Borno state, Nigeria; International Journal of Development and Sustainability, Volume 1(3): Pages 1112-1120.
Norman, J. C and Otoo E. (2003): Sustainable rice production for food security; proceedings of the 20th session of the international rice commission, Bangkok; Thailand, pp 23-26.
Obasi, P. C., Henri-Ukoha A., Ukewuihe I. S. and Chidiebere-Mark N. M. (2013): Factors Affecting Agricultural Productivity among Arable Crop Farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 3(2): pp 443-454.
Odii, M.A. (1992): Gender consideration in resource allocation and food security behaviour of farming households in south eastern Nigeria. Unpublished PhD thesis in the Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan.
Ogundele, O.O. and Okoruwa, V.O. (2006): ‘Technical Efficiency Differentials in Rice Production Technologies in Nigeria. AERC Research Paper, 154 African Economic Research Consortium, Nairobi, Kenya.
Okoruwa, V.O., Ogundele, O.O. and Oyewusi, B.O. (2006): Efficiency and productivity of farmers in Nigeria: A study of rice farmers in North Central Nigeria. A poster paper prepared for presentation at the International Association of Agricultural Economists Conference, Gold Coast, Australia, August, 12- 18, 2006.
Olumba, C. C. (2014): Productivity of improved plantain technologies in Anambra State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 9 (29): pp 2196-2204.
Omofonwan, S. and Kadiri, M. A. (2007): “Problems and Prospects of Rice Production in Central District of Edo State”. Journal of Human Ecology 22(4):361-364.
Oni, O., Pender J., Phillips D., and Kato E. (2009): Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria. Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) Report 001: IFPRI.
Onu, D. O. (2005): Analysis of the factors influencing farmers’ adoption of alley farming technology under intensified agriculture in Imo State, Nigeria; using a qualitative choice model agro-forestry systems international, 29 (4): 176-187.
Oyaide W. J. (1994): Productivity for self-reliance and excellence: The case of agriculture. Paper presented at the 9th Annual National Conference of Farm Management Association of Nigeria. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (11TA), Ibadan, 1st -4th Dec 1994.
Call for Articles/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.