Ebua et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (1), pp.033-038, January 2013
Impact of Livelihood Improvement on the Conservation of Large Mammals in the Bakossi Landscape, South West Cameroon
*¹Valentine Buh Ebua, ²Simon Awafor Tamungang, ³Tsi Evaristus Agwafo and 4Sylvie Nguedem Fonkwo
¹Wildlife Biologist, P O Box 85 Dschang, Cameroon, Email: vbuh2002 @ yahoo.com
² Department of Animal Biology, University of Dschang, Email: atamungang @ yahoo.com
³ Department of Forestry; University of Dschang, Email: tsievaristus @ yahoo.co.nz
*Corresponding author’s Email: vbuh2002 @ yahoo.com
Large mammals at least the sizes of duikers are greatly
affected by anthropogenic activities in the Bakossi
landscape area. The improvement of the livelihood of
indigenous population around and within protected areas can
be of immense important to wildlife conservationists who
want to succeed in their efforts or approaches of conserving
large mammals in the landscape. A duration of one year of
monitoring large mammals abundance and densities, and human
activities have shown that, if those who live around
protected areas are provided with alternative sources of
proteins to rear or farm, this can boost wildlife
conservation. It has also shown that hunting and agriculture
are the most dangerous causes of wildlife declines because
of a ready consumable market of bush meat in big towns and
also due to land use dispute because of a growing human
population that needs space for socio-economic activities
and large mammals that want to forage. Alternative sources
of proteins like Pigs, cane rat and goat rearing, snail and
bee farming etc provide enough income than hunting and
encroachment into protected areas for bush meat and farming.
We strongly recommend livelihood improvement through the
provision of alternative sources of proteins in the Bakossi
landscape to ease large mammal’s conservation.
Key words: Livelihood improvement, large mammals, anthropogenic activities, bakossi landscape, alternative sources of proteins and protected area.
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