Ebua et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (1), pp.033-038, January 2013
Impact of Livelihood Improvement on the Conservation of Large Mammals in the Bakossi Landscape, South West Cameroon
*¹Valentine Buh Ebua, ²Simon Awafor Tamungang, ³Tsi Evaristus Agwafo and 4Sylvie Nguedem Fonkwo
¹Wildlife Biologist, P O Box 85 Dschang, Cameroon, Email: vbuh2002 @ yahoo.com
² Department of Animal Biology, University of Dschang, Email: atamungang @ yahoo.com
³ Department of Forestry; University of Dschang, Email: tsievaristus @ yahoo.co.nz
*Corresponding author’s Email: vbuh2002 @ yahoo.com
Large mammals at least the sizes of duikers are greatly
affected by anthropogenic activities in the Bakossi
landscape area. The improvement of the livelihood of
indigenous population around and within protected areas can
be of immense important to wildlife conservationists who
want to succeed in their efforts or approaches of conserving
large mammals in the landscape. A duration of one year of
monitoring large mammals abundance and densities, and human
activities have shown that, if those who live around
protected areas are provided with alternative sources of
proteins to rear or farm, this can boost wildlife
conservation. It has also shown that hunting and agriculture
are the most dangerous causes of wildlife declines because
of a ready consumable market of bush meat in big towns and
also due to land use dispute because of a growing human
population that needs space for socio-economic activities
and large mammals that want to forage. Alternative sources
of proteins like Pigs, cane rat and goat rearing, snail and
bee farming etc provide enough income than hunting and
encroachment into protected areas for bush meat and farming.
We strongly recommend livelihood improvement through the
provision of alternative sources of proteins in the Bakossi
landscape to ease large mammal’s conservation.
Key words: Livelihood improvement, large mammals, anthropogenic activities, bakossi landscape, alternative sources of proteins and protected area.
Anonymous. ( 2007). Wildlife Protected Areas and Livelihoods: Vision, Actions and Perspectives for the Government of Cameroon. MINFOF.
Atanga Ekobo, Eno Nku M. and Mesape Derick ( 2003). Large mammals surveys in Mt Nlonako Makombe and Ebo protected areas, Report to WWF-CCPO. 44p.
Atanga Ekobo, Okon David and Messape Derrick (2005). Report on Biological Surveys in the Bakossi landscape. Report to WWF International and WWF Sweden.
Atanga Ekobo(2009). Large mammals and Potential migration surveys. Report to WWF. International and WWF Sweden
Boum Roger. (2005). Gestion durable de la biodiversité transfrontière: un cas D’études du Complexe sanctuaire a gorille de Mengame (Cameroun) et du Parc National de Minkebe (Gabon).74 p.
Buckland S. T, Anderson D. R, Burnham K. P and Laake J.L (1993). Distance Sampling: Estimating abundance of biological populations. Chapman and hall, London 83p.
Burke C.A and Franklin T.M (2003). Threats to natural resource management, Wildlife Society policy 31(4): 1238-1239.
Bruce Wilcox and Michael Soule (1980). Conference of Biologist, University of California, San Diego 136p.
CCPO. 2003-2008. WWF annual reports
Christos Astaras. (2009). Ecology and Status of the Drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus) in the Korup National park, South West Cameroon: Implication for Conservation, University of Gottingen, Optimus Mostafa Verlag. Published PhD thesis, 297p.
Eno Nku M. (2001). Frequency of large mammals visits to a forest clearing: Case study of Ecotourism potentials in the Campo- Ma’an National Park, Southern Cameroon. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, 76 p
Faucher I. (1999b). Preliminary Zoological studies of the Bakossi Mt with special reference to large mammals, medium size mammals and Birds, WWF-CCPO and University of London
Kingdon Jonathan. (1997). The Kingdon field guide to African Mammals, Princeton University press, Princeton and Oxford, www.Pupress.princeton.edu
Mbile P, Vabi M. and Meboka M (2003). Linking management and livelihood in environmental conservation; case of Korup National Park Cameroon.
Report to WWF International and WWF Sweden
Tsi E.A., Ajaga Nji, Mpoame Mbida and Gehard Wiegleb (2009). Estimated minimum and Maximum sustainable exploitation values of Eland Derby and other big game in the Benoué national Park, Cameroon.
Usongo. L (1996). Ethnozoological Inventory of the Ejagham Forest Reserve, South West
Region- Cameroon. 43 pp.
Vincent J.P., Gaillard J.M. and Bideau T (1991). Kilometric index as a biological indicator for monitoring forest reo Deer populations- Acta theriol 36: 315-328
WWF- CFP. 2003-2008. Annual Report.
Whitesides G.H., Oates J.F., Green S.M. and Kluberdanz R.P (1988). Estimating Primates densities from transects in a West African forest. A comparison of Techniques. Journal of Animal Ecology (31: 181-199).
http://newsbbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/2/science/nature/765198.stm published 2008/10/06 at 12:03 GMT
Call for Articles/Books/Thesis
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.