Tyowua et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (1), pp.001-005, January 2013
Evaluation of Vegetation Types and Utilization in Wildlife Park of the University Of Agriculture Makurdi, Nigeria
Tyowua B.T1*, Agbelusi E.A 2 and Dera B.A3
1Department of Wildlife and Range Management, University of Agriculture, Makurdi.
(bterungwa @ yahoo.com)
2Department of Wildlife and Ecotourism, Federal University of Technology Akure.
3Department of Forest Production and Products, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: bterungwa @ yahoo.com
The vegetation types in the Wildlife Park of the University
of Agriculture, Makurdi was evaluated to determine its plant
species composition and percentage distribution, structure
in terms of diameter at breast height (DBH) and utilization
level. The point- centered quarter method (PCQ) and
step-point line technique (SPLT) were used in the survey.
There were 31 woody plants species in the park. The common
species in the woodland vegetation type were Daniellia
oliveri (14.17%), Vitex doniana (12.00%), Khaya senegalensis
(9.33%), while in the Riparian vegetation, Vitex doniana
(17.00%) was the prominent species. Acacia polyacantha
(24.00%), Combretum molle (23.00%) and Prosopis africana
(31.00%) were the commonest species in the Grassland
vegetation. Syzigium guineense, Diospyros mespiliformis and
Elaeis guineense occurred only in the Riparian Vegetation.
The result on structure revealed that DBH class> 100 cm had
the highest number of woody plants in the Riparian
vegetation and was significantly (P<0.05) different from the
Woodland and Grassland vegetation types. For DBH 1-10cm, the
woodland was significantly different (P<0.05) from the
Riparian and Grassland vegetations. The results of plant
utilization level by wild animals showed that 15 plant
species were utilized: 3 highly, 6 moderately and 6 lightly.
Keywords: Vegetation types, Wildlife Park
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