Gadzirayi and Mupangwa
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (1), pp. 015-021, January 2014.
Manuscript Number: 012914078
The Nutritive Evaluation and Utilisation of Moringa oleifera Lam in Indigenous and Broiler Chicken Production: A Review
C. T. Gadzirayi1* and J. F. Mupangwa2
1Bindura University of Science Education, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Science,
P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe.
2University of Fort Hare, Department of Livestock & Pasture Science, P. Bag X 1314 Alice Campus,
Alice 5700, South Africa.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: gadzirayichris @ yahoo. co. uk
been a decline in chicken production in most developing
countries, yet poultry constitute an important pillar in
HIV/AIDS alleviation and act as an income source plus food
security in rural communities. The limited availability and
high cost of stock feeds that have not increased
concomitantly with producer prices are partly responsible
for the decline. These limitations are especially important
in rural communities because they are resource poor. Farmers
therefore enlisted a priority research on alternative feed
sources for poultry production since home-grown feeds
available to the farmer can sometimes be limited. Maize and
sorghum are usually the most abundant sources of grain
available, which can supply adequate carbohydrate but not
protein. Protein sources are expensive and hence
unaffordable to the smallholder farmer. Small holder farmers
have been using leaf meals as protein sources in order to
alleviate feed limitations in poultry production. One such
leaf meal is Moringa oleifera Lam (syns. Moringa
pterygosperm, family Moringaceae). The uses of Moringa
oleifera have attracted attention of researchers.
Preliminary investigation showed that the plant has high
biomass production. Its leaves are used as vegetables by
humans in central Africa and have a good profile of amino
acids that makes it a valuable source of livestock feed.
Keywords: Moringa oleifera, nutritive value, utilization, indigenous chicks, broilers.
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