Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Obisesan and Omonona

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (6), pp. 469-475, June 2013.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 042913591

 

The Impact of RTEP Technology Adoption on Food Security Status of Cassava-Farming Households in Southwest, Nigeria

 

*A.A. Obisesan and B.T. Omonona

 

Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

 

Email: btomonona @ yahoo. com

 

*Corresponding Author’s Email: kemi_triumph @ yahoo. com


Abstract:

Adoption of yield increasing technologies among farming households is one way of improving food insecurity. This study assessed the impact of Root and Tuber Expansion Programme (RTEP) improved production technology on the food security status of cassava-based farming households in Southwest, Nigeria. The data for the study were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire through a multistage sampling technique. A total of 540 households were sampled comprising RTEP beneficiaries (RTEP), Non-RTEP beneficiaries within RTEP LGAs (NRTEPW) and Non-RTEP beneficiaries living outside RTEP LGAs (NRTEPO). The data were analyzed using Propensity Score Matching, descriptive statistics and Foster-Greer-Thorbecke model. There were 387 households with similar characteristics were used for analysis in the study. The mean per capita household food expenditure (MPCHHFE) was ₦172726.53 while the food insecurity line was ₦20132.22 per annum. The food insecurity incidence of RTEP was lower than that of the non-beneficiaries, this reveals that RTEP improved production technology has the potential to improve food security. The FGT food insecurity indices of the beneficiaries declined due to participation in the programme. The food insecurity incidence reduced by 16.27%, 12.02% and 21.54% when compared with ANRTEP, NRTEPW and NRTEPO respectively. This suggests that the cassava production technology promoted under the programme is food insecurity reducing, therefore, there should be further sensitization on this technology to improve food security.
 
Keywords: Technology, adoption, food security, RTEP, southwest, Nigeria.

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