Obisesan and Omonona
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (6), pp. 469-475, June 2013.
ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 042913591
The Impact of RTEP Technology Adoption on Food Security Status of Cassava-Farming Households in Southwest, Nigeria
*A.A. Obisesan and B.T. Omonona
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Email: btomonona @ yahoo. com
*Corresponding Author’s Email: kemi_triumph @ yahoo. com
Adoption of yield increasing technologies among farming
households is one way of improving food insecurity. This
study assessed the impact of Root and Tuber Expansion
Programme (RTEP) improved production technology on the food
security status of cassava-based farming households in
Southwest, Nigeria. The data for the study were collected
with the aid of structured questionnaire through a
multistage sampling technique. A total of 540 households
were sampled comprising RTEP beneficiaries (RTEP), Non-RTEP
beneficiaries within RTEP LGAs (NRTEPW) and Non-RTEP
beneficiaries living outside RTEP LGAs (NRTEPO). The data
were analyzed using Propensity Score Matching, descriptive
statistics and Foster-Greer-Thorbecke model. There were 387
households with similar characteristics were used for
analysis in the study. The mean per capita household food
expenditure (MPCHHFE) was ₦172726.53 while the food
insecurity line was ₦20132.22 per annum. The food insecurity
incidence of RTEP was lower than that of the
non-beneficiaries, this reveals that RTEP improved
production technology has the potential to improve food
security. The FGT food insecurity indices of the
beneficiaries declined due to participation in the programme.
The food insecurity incidence reduced by 16.27%, 12.02% and
21.54% when compared with ANRTEP, NRTEPW and NRTEPO
respectively. This suggests that the cassava production
technology promoted under the programme is food insecurity
reducing, therefore, there should be further sensitization
on this technology to improve food security.
Keywords: Technology, adoption, food security, RTEP, southwest, Nigeria.