Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (6), pp. 195-202, June 2016.
Manuscript Number: 052316097
Adoption Monitoring Survey Analysis of Conservation Agriculture (CA), Southern Region, Ethiopia
Senior researcher, Agricultural Economist, SARI/Hawassa Agricultural Research Centre.
Conservation agriculture includes on-farm exploratory trials, regarding maize and haricot bean varieties by planting sole and intercrop for both crops. Maize is considered as the main staple crop of the study area and common bean cash crop and protein source of the farmers in many low lands and mid altitude zones of Ethiopia. The country’s export earnings from haricot bean exceed that of other pulses such as lentils, horse bean and chickpea. Low production and productivity, which are mainly associated with poor adoption of improved technologies and poor marketing system, were among the major problems. Adoption of improved technologies is one of the most promising ways to reduce food insecurity in Ethiopia. However, the adoption and dissemination of these technologies is constrained by various factors. To this end, the aim of this study was to empirically examine the adoption rate and intensity of adoption of improved conservation technologies vs conventional agriculture in the study area. The snow ball sampling procedures was followed to select sampled households for the study. Six rural kebeles per district were considered as beneficiaries of the CA, and for the three districts, 353 household heads were selected randomly using probability proportional to size sampling. Structured interview schedule was developed, pre-tested and used for collecting the essential quantitative data for the study from the sampled households. Secondary data were collected from relevant sources such as the district office of agriculture and rural development published and unpublished.
The result of the study indicated that majority of farmers in the study area preferred conservation agriculture vs conventional ones regarding their profitability. Moreover, farmers’ practice was found largely to deviate from research and extension recommendations. Hence, the adoption monitoring survey result recommended to promote most adopted ones and to modify those activities such as inputs considered as constraints to the reach of farmers by establishing an agribusiness modelling based on the existing farmers’ organizations for sustainability of conservation agriculture in the study area.
Keywords: Survey, Adoption monitoring, Conservation agriculture, Profitability, on-farm trials, sampling, data and descriptive statistics.
BezabihEmana. andHadera G/medhin. 2007. “Constraints and Opportunities of Horticulture Production and Marketing in Eastern Ethiopia”. DCG Report No.46.
DegnetAbebaw and Belay Kasa .2001. ‘Factors Influencing Adoption of High Yielding Maize Varieties in South West Ethiopia: An Application of Logit Analysis’, Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, Vol.40, No.2, Pp. 149-67.
DegnetAbebaw, B. Kassa, and A.Waktola, 2001.Adoption of High Yielding Varieties of Maize in JimmaZone.Evidence from Farm Level Data.Journal of Agricultural Economics.Vol. 5 (1&2).
Feder, G., R. E.Just and D. Zilberman. 1985. "Adoption of agricultural innovations in developing countries: A survey." Economic development and cultural change, 33:255-99.
Habtemariam Abate, 2004. The comparative Influence of Intervening variable in the adoption of Maize and DairyFarmersin Shashemene and Debrezieit, Ethiopia. PhD Thesis, University of Pretoria.
Hagerstrand, T. 1967. Innovation diffusion as a spatial process. University of Chicago, Chicago press, Chicago.
Hailubeyene, 2008. Adoption of improved teff and wheat production in crop livestock mixed system in northernand western shewa zones of Ethiopia Ph. D. Thesis University of Pretoria,. Johnston, J. and Dandiro, J., 1997. Econometrics Methods, fourth Edition, New York: McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.
Mahajan, V. and R.A. Peterson .1985. Models for innovation diffusion.sage university paper series on qualitative applications in the social sciences, series no 07-048. Beverely hills london sage pubns.
Rundiquistand Franz-Michael. 1984. Hybrid maize diffusion in Kenya. Land University, CWK. Gleerup.
Ruttan, V.W. and H.P. Binswanger. 1978. "Induced innovation and the green revolution." In Binswanger H.P.and V.W. Ruttan (eds).Induced innovation: Technology, institutions, and development. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Sahal, D. 1981. Patterns of technological Innovation. Reading, MA: Adison, Wesley.
World Bank, 2006.Africa Development indicators 2006. Washington DC. Wortmann, C.S. and C. A. Eledu 1997.Distribution of bean types in Eastern Africa.Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Cooperative. 40: 30-31.
Call for Articles/Books/Thesis
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.