Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (6), pp. 195-202, June 2016.
Manuscript Number: 052316097
Adoption Monitoring Survey Analysis of Conservation Agriculture (CA), Southern Region, Ethiopia
Senior researcher, Agricultural Economist, SARI/Hawassa Agricultural Research Centre.
Conservation agriculture includes on-farm exploratory trials, regarding maize and haricot bean varieties by planting sole and intercrop for both crops. Maize is considered as the main staple crop of the study area and common bean cash crop and protein source of the farmers in many low lands and mid altitude zones of Ethiopia. The country’s export earnings from haricot bean exceed that of other pulses such as lentils, horse bean and chickpea. Low production and productivity, which are mainly associated with poor adoption of improved technologies and poor marketing system, were among the major problems. Adoption of improved technologies is one of the most promising ways to reduce food insecurity in Ethiopia. However, the adoption and dissemination of these technologies is constrained by various factors. To this end, the aim of this study was to empirically examine the adoption rate and intensity of adoption of improved conservation technologies vs conventional agriculture in the study area. The snow ball sampling procedures was followed to select sampled households for the study. Six rural kebeles per district were considered as beneficiaries of the CA, and for the three districts, 353 household heads were selected randomly using probability proportional to size sampling. Structured interview schedule was developed, pre-tested and used for collecting the essential quantitative data for the study from the sampled households. Secondary data were collected from relevant sources such as the district office of agriculture and rural development published and unpublished.
The result of the study indicated that majority of farmers in the study area preferred conservation agriculture vs conventional ones regarding their profitability. Moreover, farmers’ practice was found largely to deviate from research and extension recommendations. Hence, the adoption monitoring survey result recommended to promote most adopted ones and to modify those activities such as inputs considered as constraints to the reach of farmers by establishing an agribusiness modelling based on the existing farmers’ organizations for sustainability of conservation agriculture in the study area.
Keywords: Survey, Adoption monitoring, Conservation agriculture, Profitability, on-farm trials, sampling, data and descriptive statistics.
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