Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 8 (6), pp. 110-118, June 2018.
Manuscript Number: 051518071
Evaluation of Grevillae Robusta Dry Leaves Supplemented with Cotton Seed Waste for the Cultivation of Oyster mushroom (Pleurotusostreatus)
Department of Biology, Ambo University, Ambo, P.O.Box.19, Ethiopia.
At present more emphasis has been given to mushroom production for the nutritionand, medicinaluses and waste recycling technology. The main aim of the present study was to report the usability of Greviillaerobusta dry foliage as a major substrate for production of oyster (Pleurotusostreatus) mushroom with supplement of different proportion of cotton seed waste. The culture of the oyster mushroom was maintained on potato dextrose agar, and the spawn was prepared on yellow colored sorghum and sterilized substrate was inoculated with 5% of the spawn wetbasis on dry basis of the substrate.The experimental design constitutes nine treatments (T1-T9) in three replicates from the middle of November2017 to the end of February 2018. Fastest mycelia run was observed in the treatments T9, T7 and T8: 10 days each from inoculation, while the slowest mycelia runwas observed in treatment T5 and T6: 19 days each from inoculation. Longest production cycle wasobserved for treatment T3, T5 and T6: 111days each, while the shortest production cycle was recordedfor treatment 8: 100days. Highest fresh weight1246.5 g /600g dry substrate was recorded for T 9; highest number (130)of fruits recorded for T4 while largest cap diameter(8cm) was recorded for treatment T6.The T1 showed the lowest fresh weight, 538g/600 g/dry weight of the substrate, with 70 fruits and 6.5cm cap diameter.No Significantdifference were observed for the stipe length of the different treatments. Highest biological efficiency was recorded for T9: 208; and 89.5 for T1.Even though the cotton seed waste proportion supplementation varied for the treatments all except T1 gave more than 100% biological efficiency which makes Grevillae dry leaves, a good substratum for mass production of oyster mushroom which can produce good quality mushroom fruit bodies.
Keywords: Cotton seed waste, growth, Grevlliae dry leave, oyster mushroom, yield.
Akyuz M and Kirbag S (2010) Nutritive value of wild edible and cultured mushrooms. Turk J Biol 34: 97–102
AsefaKeneni andLakewWondimu (2016 )Growth and Yield of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotusostreatus) on Substrate Composed of Maize (Zea mays L.) Stem and Cotton (Gossypiumspp) Seed Waste.Journal of Natural Sciences ResearchVol.6, No.338: 301-306
Bhawna AK and Thomas GV ( 200). Biologicalefficiency of different Pleurotus sp. on the leaf stalkbiomass from coconut palms. Mushroom Res., 12(2): 97-100
Chang ST and Buswell J (1996). Mushroom Nutriceuticals .World J. Microbe Biotech. 12: 473-476.
Chang ST and Miles PG(1992). Mushroom Biology: A new discipline. Mycologists .6: 64-65.
Chang ST, Lau OW and Cho KY (1981) The cultivation and nutritive value of Pleurotussojarcaju. Europrean J. App. Microbiol>Biotechnol. 12: 58-62.
DabaAS,Kabeil S, Botros WA and El-SaadaniM( 2008). Production of Mushroom (Pleurotusostreatus) in Egypt as sources of nutritional and medicinal food.World J. Agric. Science. 4: 630-634
Dawit A (1998). Mushroom cultivation. A Practical Approach, BerhanenaSelam Printing Enterprise, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
FAO, (2001) Protecting plantation from pests and diseases: reports based on the works of WM Coesta forest plantation thematic papers working paper 10: forest resources Development service , Forest division service FAO, Rome
Gume B, DiribaMulata and Dawit Abate (2013). Evaluation of locally available substrates for cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotusostreatus) in Jimma, Ethiopia.African Journal of Microbiology Research,7(20): 2228–2237
Holding C, Carsan S, NijugunaP(2005). Small holder timber and firewood marketingin the coffee and cotton/ tobacco zones of eastern Mount Kenya in the proceedings of IUFRO conference hosted by Galway Mayo Institute of technology Galway Ireland.
KumariD and Achal V(2008).Effect of different substrates on the production and non-enzymatic antioxidant activity of Pleurotusostreatus. Life Sci J, 5: 73-76
MekonnenHaileselassie, SemiraTeklay (2014). Suitability of locally available substrates for oyster mushrooms cultivation in Mekelle City, Tigray, Ethiopia. Sky Journal of Food Science,3:(5), pp. 047 – 051.
Miles PG, Chang ST(2004).Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact. CRC press
Muchin S, Pukkala T, Miina J(2002) Modeling trees effect on maize in the Grevillaerobusta + maize system in central Kenya .Agro forestry system ,55; 113-123.
Okuda Y, Murakami S, Matsumoto T (2009) A genetic linkage map of Pleurotuspulmonarius based on AFLP markers, and localization of the gene region for the sporeless mutation. Genome, 52:438–446
Patra,AK and Pani BK (1995).Yield response of different species of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus) to paddy straw. Current Agril. Res. Supplement No. 8:11-14.
Richie E, TaylorWC, Vautin STK (1965).Chemical studies of the ProteaceaeI; Grevillaerobusta A. Cunn, and Ortes excels R. Br. . Aust. J Chem, 18: 2015-2020.
Royse DJ (2014). A Global perspective on the high five: Agaricus, Pleurotus, Lentinula, Auricularia and Flammulina.Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products (ICMBMP8)
Royse DJ, Rhodes TW, Ohga S and Sanchez JE (2004).Yield, mushroom size and time to production of Pleurotuscornucopiae (oyster mushroom) grown on switch grass substrate spawned and supplemented at various ratesBioresource Technology 91 (2004) 85–91
Sharma S, Kailash R, Yadav P and Pokhrel CP (2013)Growth and Yield of Oyster mushroom (Pleurotusostreatus) on different Substrates Journal on New Biological Reports,2(1): 03-08
SparksNHC(2006).The hens egg-is it a role in human nutrition changing? Worlds Poult science J, 62; 308-315
Tyndall B (1996).The socio economics of Gravillaerobusta within the coffee land use system of Kenya. AFRENA Report No. 109. P.71.
ZinabuHamsalu, AmehaKebede and Preetha VV (2015) Cultivation of selected Pleurotus species using sugarcane bagasse, waste paper and leaves of Prosopisjulifrom (Sw.), DC.. International Journal of Advanced Research, 3:2, 522-531
Call for Articles/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.