Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness


Change Language

Keremah and Esquire

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (2), pp. 034-038, March 2014.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 041513577



Comparative Assessment of Growth Performance and Economics of Production of Clarias gariepinus Fingerlings in Ponds and Tanks


*Reginald Inodu Keremah and James Esquire


Department of Fisheries and Livestock Production Technology, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, 

 Bayelsa State.


*Corresponding Author’s Email: regreggie55 @ yahoo. com, Phone: +2348055311660


An experiment was conducted to compare the growth and economics of producing Clarias gariepinus in ponds (6.4x5.4x1.5m3) and tanks (2.5x1.1x1.2m3) for 56days. Fingerlings of Clarias gariepinus (mean weight, 1.80g and body length, 4.40cm) were stocked at 250 and 50 fish separately into each pond and tank in duplicates. Fish were fed a commercial feed containing 45% crude protein at 5% body weight. It was divided into two halves and fed at 1000 and 1600hours daily. At final harvest, the total yield of fish was significantly greater (P<0.05) in pond, 3.0kg than those in tank, 1.81kg. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in mean weight gain (13.75+0.95g, 13.44+0.95g), condition factor (0.92+0.03, 0.91+0.03) and feed conversion ratio (0.56+0.01, 0.51+0.01) between fingerlings stocked in pond and tank. Fish in pond had higher percentage weight gain and specific growth rate while survival rate ranged 74.11+0.54-88.80+0.54% in the culture media. Net profits obtained were N4300 (pond) and N2250 (tank). The benefit: cost ratio was higher for tank (1.38) than for pond (1.19). The pond environment appeared more productive while the tank was more economical with higher benefit in this study.


Keywords: Comparative Study, Growth, Economics, Pond, Tank, Clarias gariepinus.


Abdullah AY (2007): Evaluation of Fish Farming Potentials in Nigeria. An Approach Through the use of Geographic Information System (GIS). Ph.D Thesis. University of Abuja, 168p.

Adebayo IA, Adesoji SA (2008): Comparative Assessment of the Profit Margin of Catfish Reared in Concrete Tank and Earthen Pond. African J. of Agric. Res., 3(10): 677-680.

Adewolu MA, Ogunsanmi AO, Yunusa A (2008): Studies on Growth Performance and Feed Utilization of Two Clariid Catfish and their Hybrid Reared Under Different Culture Systems. European J. of Sci. Res., 23(2):252-260.

Alatise SP, Otubusin SO (2006): Effect of different stocking densities on Production of Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in Bamboo-net cage System. In: Ansa EJ, Anyanwu PE, Ayonoadu BW, Erondu ES and Deekae SN (Eds.). Proc. of 20th Conf. of FISON at Port Harcourt, 14th-18th Nov., 2005, pp. 24-29.

Atanda AN (2007): Freshwater Fish seed resources in Nigeria. Assessment of Fresh water Fish Seed Resources for Sustainable Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 501, Rome, 628p.

Ayinla OA (1985): Induced Spawning Trials of Clarias gariepinus. In: Proc. of 13th Annual Conf. of FISON, New Bussa, Nigeria, pp. 106-112.

Bagenal TB, Tesch FW (1978): Age and Growth. In: Bagenal T. (Ed.). Methods for Assessment of Fish Production in Fresh waters, 3rd Edn. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Osney Mead, Oxford, pp. 101-136.

Bard J, Dekimpe P, Lazard J, Lessent P, Lemasson J (1976): Handbook of Tropical Fish Culture Centre Technique Forester. Tropical 45bis, Avenned Labelled Garille 94130-Nogent Surmarine France. Ed. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, pp. 67-92.

Boyd CE (1982): Water Quality Management for Pond Fish Culture/ Elsevier Scientific Publ. Company. New York, 318p.

Brown ME (1957): Experimental Studies of Growth. In:Brown ME (Ed.). Physiology of Fishes. Academic Press, New York, Vol. 1, pp. 361-400.

Dada AA, Wonah CO (2003): Production of Exotic Clarias gariepinus at Varying Stocking Densities in Outdoor Concrete Ponds. J. of Aquatic Sci., 18(1):21-24.

Dambo WB, Rana KJ (1992): Effects of Stocking Densities on Growths and Survival of Oreochromis niloticus fry in the Hatchery. FAO Fish. Rep., 44(4): 353-356.

Duncan DB (1995): Multiple Range and Multiple F-Test. Biometrics, 11:1-42.

FDF. (1990): Fisheries Statistics of Nigeria, 2nd Edn. Federal Department of Fisheries, Abuja, Nigeria, 31p.

FDF. (1996): Federal Department of Fisheries. In: Eyo AA, and Ayanda JO (Eds.). Proc. of 18th Annual Conf. of FISON, pp. 200-203.

Hankins JA, Summarfelt ST, Durrant MD (1995): Impacts of Feeding and Stock Management Strategies upon Fish Production within Water Recycle Systems. In: Timmons MB (Ed.), Aquaculture Engineering and Waste management. Northeast Regional Agriculture Engineering Service. Ithaca, New York, pp. 70-89.

Hogendoorn H (1979): Controlled Propagation of the African Catfish, Clarias lazera (C&V) 1. Reproductive Biology and Field Experiments. Aquaculture, 17 (4): 323-333.

Kamthorn P, Miller J (2006): Manvel on Catfish Hatchery and Production. A Guide for Small to Medium Scale Hatchery and Farm Producers in Nigeria. Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries Project (AIFP). National Programme for Food Security (NSPES), 29p.

Mazid MA, Zaher M, Begum NN, Aliu MZ, Nahav F (1997): Formulation of Cost Effective Feeds from locally Available ingredients for Carp Polyculture System for Increased Production. Aquaculture, 151: 71-78.

Miller JW, Atanda AN (2004): Inventory of Fish Farms in Nigeria. Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries Project, National Special Programme for Food Security. 148p.

Okoye FC, Eyo AA, Aminu NG (2001): Growth of Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus Hybrid Fingerlings Fed Lipid Based Diets. In: Eyo AA (Ed.). Proc. of the 1st National Symp. on Fish Nutrition and Fish Feed Tech. of FISON, NIOMR Lagos, 26th-29th Oct., 1999, pp. 25-27.

Omitoyin BO (2007): Introduction to Fish Farming in Nigeria. Ibadan University Press, Publishing House, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, pp. 35-40.

Ross RM, Waten BJ (1995): Importance of Rearing-unit Design and Stocking Density on the Behaviours, Growth and Metabolism of Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaysuch). Aquaculture Engineering, pp. 40-45.

Utne F (1979): Standard Methods and Terminology on FinFish Nutrition. In: Halver JE and Trews K (Eds.). Fish Nutrition and Finfish Technologies H Heinemasn Gobh and C. Borkin, Vol. 11:437-444.

Wahua TAT (1999): Applied Statistics for Scientific Studies. Afrika-Link Press, 356p.

Call for Articles/Books

Call for Scholarly Articles

Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.

The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.

Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to or

Call for Books

You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas.    Submit as an e-mail attachment to


Login Form

Other Journals