Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (2), pp. 027-033, March 2014.
Manuscript Number: 072213741
Effect of Seed and Vegetative Forage Propagules on Pasture Establishment
Nweze Basil Obasi
Department of Animal Science, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki – Nigeria.
Email: obasinweze @ gmail.com
forage propagules consisting of two grass species namely
Andropogon gayamus and Panicum maximum and two legumes
species, Centrosema pubescen and Calopogonum mucunoides were
investigated to determine the effect of their propagules on
pasture establishment. The propagules were cultivated by
seed and vegetative methods twice yearly for periods of four
years. The forages were harvested from each plot and the
carrying capacities on each plot determined. The Tropical
Livestock Unit (TLU) of the propagules was also calculated
using the forage yield in each plot. The results indicated
significant differences (p <0.05) among the carrying
capacities from the propagules. The legumes seed propagules
were superior to their vegetative counterparts. However, the
grass vegetative propagules had a better carrying capacity
than grass seed propagules. Both seed and vegetative
propagules cultivated during the rainy season were better
than those cultivated during dry season. The TLU of seed
propagules were superior to vegetative propagules with
legumes seed sole cropping propagules having the highest
carrying capacity. The grass/grass mix cropping had the
least value among other propagules because of intra species
Keywords: Forage seedlings, cultivation method, environment.
Ademosun, AA, (1988). The Management of natural improvement Natural Grassland in Nigeria. Nigerian Agric Journal 5(1) 4-5
Ademosun, AA, (1973a) Nutritive evaluation of Nigerian forages in the effect of stage of maturity on the nutritional value of Panicum maximum Nig. Agric. J. 10: 8-12
Ademosun AA, (1973) Review of Research on the evaluation of herbage crops and natural grassland in Nigeria. Trop. Grassland 7:285-296
Bate, RG, (1954) Electrometric pH determination. John Willy and Sun Inc. Pub. New York.
Bray R. H and Kurtz L.T. (1945) Determination of organic and available phosphorous in soil. J. Soil Sci. 59: 33-445.
Bremma J, (1965). Total Nitrogen determination method of soil analysis: Agronomy No. 9. American Society of Agronomy Machsum and Wise Pub. Pp 1141-1171
Deleeuw, PN, (1985). The prospect of Livestock production in Northern Guinea Savannazone. Samaru Agui Newsletter 13: 123-133
Edya LA, Humphrey, LR and Benzelle F, (1964). Pasture Investigation in various district. Queensland. Univ. Dept of Agric 4:133
Donald DCM, (1963). Competition among crops and pasture. Advance Agron. 15:1-118
Ezedinma, A, Youndent P and Ochepa CO, (1986) In Introduction to Tropical Agriculture. 1st Ed. Pub. Longman London 8 New York pp 102-115
FAO (1974) Legend to soil unit FAO/UNESCO Map of World Soil.
Hagger, RJ, (1984). The growth and production of grass from sown pasture in Northern Nigeria with special reference to Andropogan gayanus. A paper presented at the Conf. on Livestock prod. Shika Abu Zaria Nigeria
Humphrey LR, (1987). The climate factors in Austeria Grassland. Austeria Nat. University Press p. 5
Humphrey (1985). Environmental adaptation of tropical plant Macmillan Pub. London pp 20-25
Humphrey (1978). In Tropical pasture and fodder crop. W.J. ed. Longman England
Harrey, WR, (1977). User’s guide for least square and maximum likelihood of comper program. Ohio
Mosi AK, Carew BA, Mba AU and Egbunike GN, (1980). The potential of browse plant in nutrition of small ruminant in humid forest and derived savanna zone of Nigeria. In browse in Africa. ILCA Ethiopia pp. 307-311.
Nweze, BO and Omeje SI, (2001). The effect of drought on pasture establishment. A case of Andropogu gayamus and Panicum maximum. Journal of the Science of Agric, Food Tech and Environment Vol. 3:1-30
Nweze BV, Ekwe OO, (2001). Effect grazing and bush burning on the establishment of five species in humid tropics environment. Trop. T. Anim. Sci (492): 39-45
Nweze, BO, Ekwe OO, Agbaku AM and Omeje (2001). Effect of grazing and bush burning of pasture on pasture establishment. Proceedings 26th Ann. Conf. Ariwa House. Kaduna pp. 305-306.
Nweze BO, Nwangurapu G, Okpanielechi P, Ekwe LG and Omeje S, (2000). The effect of propagation method on forage yield of pasture species in Humid tropic environment proc. 25th Ann. Conf. Nig. Soc. Anim. Prod. Umudike Nigeria pp. 21-22.
Nweze BO and Omeje SI, (1998). The effect of drought on pasture establishment of two pasture species Andropogan gayanus and Panicum maximum under two modes of propagation. Proc. Solver Jubilee Court. West Africa Society of Anim. Prod. Abeokuta No.5
Nweze BO, Omeje SI and Otuma MO, (1998). The effect of Nitrogen fertilizer application on pasture establishment silver jubilee conf. West African Society of Anim. Prod. Abeokuta No. 187
Nweze Omeje SI, Nweze BO, and SO, (1997). Establishment of grazing paddock for cattle and small ruminant. The performance of two grass species, Andropogan gayamus, Panicum maximum germinated by seed and by transplant. 22nd Ann. Cont. Nig. Soc. Anim. Prod. Bauchi Nigeria No. 172
Omalikwe CUE, (1980). Influence of initial cutting date and cutting frequency on yield and quantity of star, elephant and guinea grasses. Grass and forage Sci. Vol 23(2) 135-145.
Oyenuga (1966). Productivity and Nutritive value of tropical pasture at Ijech Proc. 10th International Glass Congress p. 962.
Rani AB, (1985). Grassland Improvement and Utilization in Nigeria .Outlook on Agric 3: 174-195.
Rain AB, (1963). Grassland research in Northern Nigeria 1951-1962. Samaru Misc Paper No. 1 pp96.
Skerman PJ, Ammeron, DC and Rivirsos, F, (1988). In Tropical forage species USA plant production series. No. 2 2nd Ed. Rome pp 142-144.
Yayock JV, Lombin GL and Owonubi JJ, (1987). In crop sci. in warm climate. 3rd Ed. McMillan Intermediate Agric Series London pp. 284-285
Call for Articles/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.