Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (2), pp. 027-033, March 2014.
ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 072213741
Effect of Seed and Vegetative Forage Propagules on Pasture Establishment
Nweze Basil Obasi
Department of Animal Science, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki – Nigeria.
Email: obasinweze @ gmail.com
forage propagules consisting of two grass species namely
Andropogon gayamus and Panicum maximum and two legumes
species, Centrosema pubescen and Calopogonum mucunoides were
investigated to determine the effect of their propagules on
pasture establishment. The propagules were cultivated by
seed and vegetative methods twice yearly for periods of four
years. The forages were harvested from each plot and the
carrying capacities on each plot determined. The Tropical
Livestock Unit (TLU) of the propagules was also calculated
using the forage yield in each plot. The results indicated
significant differences (p <0.05) among the carrying
capacities from the propagules. The legumes seed propagules
were superior to their vegetative counterparts. However, the
grass vegetative propagules had a better carrying capacity
than grass seed propagules. Both seed and vegetative
propagules cultivated during the rainy season were better
than those cultivated during dry season. The TLU of seed
propagules were superior to vegetative propagules with
legumes seed sole cropping propagules having the highest
carrying capacity. The grass/grass mix cropping had the
least value among other propagules because of intra species
Keywords: Forage seedlings, cultivation method, environment.
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