Chisango and Maposa
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (3), pp. 127-133, March 2016.
Manuscript Number: 030316054
Impacts of Erotic Weather Patterns as a Result of Climate Change and Variability on Food Crop Productivity and Food Security in Zimbabwe’s Arid Regions of Matabeleland; A Case of Siabuwa Communal Area in Binga District
Chisango Future Fortune T and Maposa Angela*
1senior lecturer faculty of agriculture, Zimbabwe open university, Zimbabwe.
2senior lecturer faculty of arts and education, Zimbabwe open university, Zimbabwe.
This article explores the impact of climate change and variability on food crop productivity in Siabuwa area of Binga district in Matabeleland North Region. The study further examined community based adaptation and mitigation strategies devised by local farmers to cushion the catastrophic effects of climatic transformations. The sustainability of such strategies was also interrogated in the article. The study made use of qualitative methodologies where primary data was generated from a sample of 100 households drawn from a population of 400 family units. Agricultural experts and other stakeholders such as Nongovernmental organizations operating in the district produced records which were critical in the compilation of secondary data. The research used questionnaires and interviews to solicit information and obtain a broader understanding of climate change and livelihood issues from key informants and ascertain how knowledgeable people in the study area were about shocks resulting from climatic modifications and finally establish the adaptation and mitigation strategies devised by farmers to deal with the shocks emanating from such transformations. It was established that some of effects of climatic inconsistencies felt by communal farmers in Siabuwa area included total crop failure, death of livestock and over exploitation of natural resources, all of which have led to declining agricultural productivity and massive devastation of the natural resources base hence plunging local communities into persistent food insecurity and miserable poverty. Findings in the study however established that local communities have not been submissive to the catastrophic effects of climate change and variability, as they have equally responded by adopting various adaptation and mitigation strategies both individually and collectively. The study concluded that widespread poverty and food insecurity in arid regions of Zimbabwe are directly linked to climatic transformations as it has been established that poor agricultural productivity is aggravated by climate change and variability.
Keywords: Climate change; Climate variability; Food insecurity; Livelihood shocks; Adaptation; Drought resistant crops.
Chasi M, Shamudzarira Z (1992). Agro-ecologies of small-scale farming areas of Zimbabwe. In: Whingwiri EE, Commercial Grain Producers' Assoclation (1983). Grain handbook. Harare, p AI-C11. Cropping in the Semi- arid areas of Zimbabwe proceedings of a workshop held in Harare 24 – 28 August (1987).Volume 1 and 2
Downing TE (1991) Vulnerability to hunger and coping with climate change in Africa. In: Global environmental change, Vol. 1, No. 5. Environmental Change Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, p 365-380.
Gukurume, S.etal. (2010). Conservation farming and the food security-insecurity matrix in Zimbabwe: A case study of ward 21 Chivi rural. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa (Volume 12, No.7, 2010) pp 40-52.
Gukurume Simbarashe, (2014). Climate change, Variability and Sustainable Agriculture in Zimbabwe’s Rural Communities, Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences
Mahiya, I & Gukurume, S. (forthcoming). Integrating Rights based approach in responding to effects of climate change in Chiweshe rural area. Mashingaidze K. Matanyaire CM (eds) Small scale agriculture in Zimbabwe, Book 1. Rockwood Publishers, Harare
Mutekwa, V.T. (2009). Climate change impacts and adaptation in the Agricultural sector: The case of smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa (Volume 11, No.2, 2009) pp 237-256.
Ministry of Lands, Agnculture and Water Development (MLAWD) Economics Division (1994). The agricultural sector of Zimbabwe: statistical bulletin. MLAWD, Harare
Mutasa C (2008). Evidence of climate change in Zimbabwe. Paper presented at a workshop in Kariba, Zimbabwe29-30 September, 2008.
Nyamapfene K (1991). Soils of Zimbabwe Nehanda Publishers, Harare
Rosenzweig, C. & Parry M.L (1994). “Potential Impacts of Climate Change on World Food Security”, Nature, 367.
Rosenzweig C, Parry ML (1994). Potential impact of climate change on world food supply. Nature 367.133-138
Rukuni M, Mashingaidze K, Mdtanyaire CM [eds) Small scale agriculture in Zimbabwe. Rockwood Publishers, Harare, p 7-15.
Slater, R.; Peskett, L.; Ludi, E.; & Brown D (2007). ‘Climate change, agricultural policy and poverty reduction – how much do we know?’, Natural Resource Perspectives, 109.
Unganai L. S, (1996). Historic and future climate change in Zimbabwe.
Unganai S.L, (2006). Seasonal climate forecasts for farm management in Zimbabwe.
Call for Articles/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.