Ndams et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (3), pp. 110-114, March 2016.
Manuscript Number: 022616044
Comparative Study of Amino Acid Profile of Urea Plus Methionine Supplemented and Fermented Sorghum Beer Residue with that of other Protein Standards
*Ndams SS, Alli-Balogun JK, Mohammed A, Shuaibu SA and Osagiede NO
College of Agriculture and Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Mando Rd. Kaduna. Nigeria.
Sorghum beer residue (SBR), a by-product of local brewery was purchased dried, supplemented with urea and methionine at concentrations ratio of 1.5: 0.37 %. It was inoculated with rumen liquor of cow and subjected to four days fermentation in a 5ft deep pit. After 4days fermentation, the urea plus methionine supplemented and fermented sorghum beer residue (RSBR) was sundried for 7days on concrete floor and samples taken for the determination of amino acid composition. The amino acid profile of RSBR sample revealed the availability of all essential amino acids except tryptophan (alanine, arginine, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine and valine) in the sample. The amino acid profile of RSBR were higher than those of SBR, Groundnut cake (GNC), Soya bean cake (SBC), Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and other Animal Feed Standards (AFS). The superiority of essential amino acids in RSBR sample is an indication that it can serve as protein sources in place of conventional plant protein sources.
Keywords: Sorghum beer residue, Urea, Methionine, Fermentation and Amino acid.
Aduku, A. O. (1993). Tropical feedstuffs Analysis Table. FacultyofAgriculture, Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria. Pp.1-2.
Almeida e Silva, J.S. Ismeal, J.B. Maria, M.M. and Magdala, A.T. (1995). Microbial protein production by Paecilomyces variotii cultivated in eucalyptus hemicellulosic hydrolysate. Bioresource Technol. 52:197-200.
Anhwange, B.A, Ajibo, V.O. and Oniye, S.J (2004). Amino acid composition of seeds of Moringa oleifera (Lam), Detarium microcarpum (Guill & Sperr) and Bauhinia monandra (Linn). ChemClass l. (2): 9-13.
Araujo, A. and D’Souza, J. (1986). Enzymatic saccharification ofpretreated rice straw and biomass production.
Biotechnol. and Bioengng. 28, 15039.
Demeke, S. (2007). Comparative nutritive value of Atella and industrial brewers grains in chicken starter ration in Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 19 (1), http://www.cipav.0rg.co/Irrd19/1/deme19008.htm
Fazaeli, H., Mashsyekhi, M. R. and Mansouri, H. (2007). Effect of Nitrogen-Sulfur ratio on the digestibility of roughage based diet incubated with rumen liquor of buffalo. Ital. J. Anim. Sci.6, (2): 450-45.
Lo, S. N. and Moreau, J. R. (1986). Mixed culture microbial protein from waste sulfite pulping liquor II. Its production on pilot plant scale and use in animal feed. Can. J. Chem. Engng. 64,639 – 46.
Madubuike, F. N. and Ekenyem, B.U. (2006). Haematology and serum biochemistry Characteristics of broiler chicks fed varying dietary levels of ipoemea asarifolia leaf meal. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 5(1):09-12.
McDonald P., Edwards, R.A., Greenhalg, J.F.D. and Morgan, C.A. (1998). Animal Nutrition (5thed). London Longman GRP. Ltd. Pp.623.
Ndams, S. S., Tegbe, T.S.B., Ogundipe, S.O. and Sheyin, Z. (2011). Determination of the optimum inoculums concentration and fermentation period and their effect on nutrient composition of Brewers dried grains. Sci. World J.6 (1): 13-19.
Ofuya, C.O. and Obilor S.N. (1993): The suitability of fermented cassava peel as a poultry feedstuff. Bioresources Technol. 44:101-104.
Park, H.Y., Kim, H.K., Kim, H.S., Lee, H.S., Shin, I.S. and Whang, K.Y (2002). Effects of the different
Soybean Meal Sources on Layer and Broiler Performance. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci 2002. Vol.15, no.2:254-265.
Pousga, S., Boly, H., Lindberg, J.E. and Ogle, B. (2007). Evaluation of Traditional Sorghum Beer Residue, Shea-Nut (Vitellaria paradoxa) Cake and Cottonseed (Gossypium Spp) Cake for Poultry in Burkina Faso: Availability and Amino Acid Digestibility. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 6(9): 666-672.
Sparkman, D.H., Stein, E.H. and Moore, S. (1958). Anti-nutritive recording apparatus for use in the chromatography of amino acid analytical chemistry.30:1190-1191.
Spear, J. W., Ely, D. G. and Bush, L.P. (1978). Influenced of supplemental sulfur on in vitro and in Vivo Microbial Fermentation of Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue. J. Anim.Sci. 47: 552-560.
Call for Articles/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to email@example.com.