Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness

  
  

Change Language

Newsletters


Zewdu et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (3), pp. 093-101, March 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 012016019


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.3.012016019)

 

Assessment of Alien Honeybee Species (Apis florea) in North West and Northern Ethiopia

 

Zewdu A1*, Desalegn B1, Amssalu B1, Gebreamlak B2,

Tolera K1

 

1 Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Holeta Bee Research Center, P.O. Box 22, Holeta, Ethiopia.

2Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Mekelle Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 1132, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia.


Abstract:


The dwarf honeybee (or red dwarf honeybee), Apis florea Fabricius, is native to Southeast Asia. The general distribution of this species is confined to warm climates where it performs very well. The study was carried out to assess the invasion, habitat and its negative effect on local honeybees in North West and Northern Ethiopia. Districts for the study were purposively selected. To undertake the assessment, three different techniques, interviewing local people, observing foraging bees on the field and searching for nests of the alien species were employed. Based on the study results, Metema could be the possible district to which A. florea was first introduced in 2003. Since then, this alien bee species has become widely distributed in the lowlands of north Gondar, and central and northern Tigray up to the Eritrean border.  Indicating the rapid expansion and effective colonizing ability, they become well adapted to new hot arid conditions of North West and North Ethiopia without being affected by the competition from local honeybees, Apis mellifera. This natural expansion of the species may not have a pronounced negative effect at this time but may pose some threat to the local ecosystem in the future. Therefore, the rapid expansion of the A. florea into new habitats has to be monitored and more detailed research is needed to understand their ecological impacts in the new ecosystem and potentially possible economic advantages and disadvantages.

 

Key words: A.florea, nesting habitat, invasion, Tigray, Amhara.


Return to Content       View [Full Article - PDF]

[Full Article - HTML]            [Full Article - EPUB]          

Post-review Rundown

  View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]


References


Ahmed, E.A., Mubarak, H.A. and Babiker, A.G.T. (2004). Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC. (Mesquite) a noxious weed in the Sudan. 1: History and prospects of chemical control. The Second National Pest Management Conference in the Sudan, 6 – 9 December 2004. Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, Sudan.

 

Bezabih, G., Adgaba, N., Hepburn, H.R. and Pirk, C.W.W. (2014). The territorial invasion of Apis florea. African Entomology 22:888-890.

 

Chahal, B. S., Brar, H. S., Gatoria, G. S. and Jhajj, H. S. (1986). Aggressive behaviour of Apis florea towards Apis mellifera in hive robbing and in foraging. J. Apic.  Res. 25:  134-138.

 

El Shafie, H.A.F, Mogga. J.B, Basedow, T. (2002). Studies on the possible competition for pollen between the honey bee, Apis  mellifera sudanensis and the imported dwarf honey bee Apis florea (Hym., Apidae) in North-Khartoum (Sudan). J Appl  Entomol 126:557–562.

 

El-Niweiri, M.A.A. Satti, A.A. (2015). Investigation on the occurrence and population densities of honeybees in Northern Sudan. Journal of Science  5:  163-168.

 

Hepburn, H.R. and Radloff, S.E. (2011). Biogeography of the dwarf honeybees, Apis andreniformis and Apis florae. Apidologie  42: 293–300.

 

Hepburn, H.R., Radloff, S.E., Otis, G.W., Fuchs, S., Verma, L.R., Tan, K., Chaiyawong, T., Tahmasebi, G. and Wongsiri, S. (2005). Apis florea: morphometrics, classification and biogeography. Apidologie 36: 359–376.

 

Laxen, J. (2007). Is prosopis a curse or a blessing? – An ecological-economic analysis of an invasive alien tree species in Sudan. Tropical Forests Report 32. Academic dissertation. Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry of the University of Helsinki, Fabianinkatu 34, on Friday 27 April, Helsinki 2007.

 

Lord, W.G. and Nagi, S.K. (1987). Apis florea discovered in Africa. Bee World 68: 39-40.

 

Mogga G.B., Ruttner F. (1988) Apis florea in Africa; source of the founder population, Bee World 69: 100–103.

 

Mortez, R.F.A. and Hartel, S. (2005). Global invasions of the western honeybee

 

Mortez, R.F.A., Haddad, N., Bataieneh, A.,  Shalmon., B. and Hefetz, A. (2010). Invasion of the dwarf honeybee Apis florea into the near East. Biological Invasions 12: 1093-1099.

 

Mossadegh, M.S. (1991). Geographical distribution, levels of infestation and population density of the mite Euvarroa sinhai Delfinado and Baker (Acarina: Mesostigmata) in Apis florea F colonies in Iran. Apidologie 22: 127-134.

 

Olnamai, Ch. and Thanee, N. (2004). Some ecological aspects of Little Honeybee (A. florea F) and type sugar concentration in honey in Northeast Thailand. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 7:658-661.

 

Omer, E. A. (2007). Studies on the taxonomy of honeybees in the Sudan. Theses and Dissertations, Agriculture, Crop protection, University of Khartoum.

 

Pauly, A. and Zewdu, A. H. (2013). Apini and Meliponini from Ethiopia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apidae: Apinae). Belgian Journal of Entomology 16: 1-36.

 

Ruttner, F. (1988). Biogeography and taxonomy of honeybees. Springer, Berlin.

 

Stout, J.C. and Morales, C.L. (2009). Ecological impacts of invasive alien species on bees. Apidologie 40: 388-409.

 

Suwannapong, G., Benbow, M.E.  and Nieh, J.C. (2011). Biology of Thai honeybees: natural history and threats. In: Bees: Biology, Threats and Colonies (Richard, M. F. ed). Nova Science Publishers, Inc. pp. 1-98. 

Call for Articles/Books/Thesis

Call for Scholarly Articles


Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.


The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.


Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to gjas@acad.gjournals.org or manuscripts.igj@gmail.com.




Search

Login Form

Other Journals


Sponsored