Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness

  
  

Change Language

Newsletters


Yildirim and Kaya

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (2), pp. 060-064, March 2017.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 032217041


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.2.032217041)

 

Egg Production and Quality Traits of Layers kept in Free Range Housing System

 

Hakan Yıldırım1, Şerafettin Kaya1*

 

1Mustafa Kemal University, Agriculture Faculty, Animal Science Department, 31060, HATAY/ TURKEY


Abstract


The objective of this study was to compare egg quality and yield in laying hens of two different housing systems indoor and free range.

In this study, 120 H&N (Nick-Chick) white egg layer pullets were used. They were divided to equally two groups free range and indoor housing system. Indoor birds were individually caged while free range birds were allowed to access free range grass paddock (red clover+ fescue + brome grass area, 4 m2/1 bird) plus floored area with wooden shavings.  Standard feeding regimen was applied on experimental laying hens. Their egg traits were recorded during the period of 21-46 weeks old. Housing system has a significant effect on layer final body weight (P˂0.01). Free range group was higher than indoor group about total egg/month, hen/house and hen % when egg yield compare to the groups. Egg weight was higher in indoor group (59.04-60.22 g), but shell thickness (0.38-0.37 mm) and yolk index (46.07-44.91) were higher free range system (P˂0.01). Housing systems have not significant effects on other egg characteristics such as shell ratio, shape index and albumen index.

 

Keywords: Egg quality, egg yield, free range, indoor, layer.

Post-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]


References


Anderson KE and Adams AW (1994).  Effects of cage versus floor environments and cage floor mesh size on bone strength, fearfulness and production of single comb White Leghorn hens. Poultry Science. 73: 1233–1240.

 

Anonim (2015). Tavuk yumurtası, kabuklu. TSE 1068. TSE. Necatibey Cad. No.112 Bakanlıklar/Ankara (Revizyon).

 

Doğan H (2008). Adana’da satışa sunulan yumurtalarda sunuş çeşitliliği ve kalite değişimi üzerine bir çalışma. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Çukurova Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü. Zootekni Anabilim Dalı. Adana.

 

Englmaierová M, Tůmová E, Charvátová V and  Skřivan M (2014). Effects of laying hens housing system on laying performance, egg quality characteristics, and egg microbial contamination. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 59 (8): 345–352.

 

Hammershoj M and Steenfeldt S (2015). Organic egg production. II: The quality of organic eggs is influenced by hen genotype, diet and forage material analyzed by physical parameters, functional properties and sensory evaluation. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 208: 182-197.

 

Kinnear PR and Gray CD (1994). SPSS for Windows. Department of Psychology Univ. of Aberdeen. UK.

 

Kouba M (2003). Quality of organic animal products. Livest. Prod. Sci. 80: 33-40.

 

Krawczyk J, Cywa-Benko K and Wężyk S (2005). Effect of housing system on egg yolk cholesterol levels in native breeds of hens. International Conference “First International Scientific Poultry Days”. Nitra, Słovakia, 12-14 September. pages: 18-20.

 

Küçükyılmaz K, Bozkurt  M, Herken EN, Çınar M, Çatlı AU, Bintaş E and Çöven F (2012). Effects of Rearing Systems on Performance, Egg Characteristics and Immune Response in Two Layer Hen Genotype. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 25 (4): 559 – 568.

 

Leyendecker M, Hamann H, Hartung J, Kamphues J, Ring C, Glunder G, Ahlers C, Sander I, Neumann U and Distl O (2001). Analysis of genotype-environment interactions between layer lines and housing systems for performance trails, egg quality and bone strength. 2nd Communication: Egg quality traits. Zuchtungskunde. 73: 308–323.

 

Mineki M and Kobayashi M (1998). Microstructural changes in stored hen egg yolk. J. Poultr. Sci. 35: 285-294.

 

Mostert BE, Bowers EH and Van Der Walt JC (1995). Influence of different housing systems on the performance of hens of four laying strains. S.Afr.J. Anim. Sci. 25(3): 80-86.

 

Pavlovski Z, Masic B, Josipovic S and Hopic S (1992). The Effect of System of Housing on The Laying Performance of Hens in Small Flocks. Biotechnologija U Stocarstvu. 8 (1-2): 57-63.

 

Pavlovski Z, Svetlana V and Masic B. (1994). The Effect of Housing System on External Egg Quality Traits in Small Layers Flocks. Biotehnologija U Stocarstvu. 10 (3-4): 13-20.

 

Sarıca M and Erensayın C (2009). Tavukçuluk Ürünleri. Türkoğlu M, Sarıca M, Editörler.  Tavukçuluk Bilimi, Yetiştirme ve Hastalıklar. Bey-Ofset Matbaacılık. Ankara. 3. Basım. Syf: 89-138.

 

Şekeroğlu A and Sarıca M (2005). Serbest Yetiştirme (Free-Range) Sisteminin Beyaz ve Kahverengi Yumurtacı Genotiplerin Yumurta Verim ve Kalitesine Etkisi. Tavukçuluk Araştırma Dergisi. 6 (1): 10-16.

 

Uluocak N (1991). Yumurta büyüklüğü nelere bağlıdır. Teknik Tavukçuluk Dergisi, 72: (25-40).

 

Van Den Brand H, Parmentier HK and Kemp B (2004). Effect of housing system (outdoor vs cages) and age of laying hens on egg characteristics. British Poultry Science. 45(6): 745-752.


Call for Articles/Books/Thesis

Call for Scholarly Articles


Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.


The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.


Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to gjas@acad.gjournals.org or manuscripts.igj@gmail.com.




Search

Login Form

Other Journals


Sponsored