Lamtane et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (5), pp. 320-331, May 2013.
Manuscript Number: 022613494
Effects of water quality, flooding episode and management variables on the fish yield from self-stocked ponds in lower Rufiji floodplain, Tanzania
H.A. Lamtane1*, Y.D. Mgaya2 and R.G. Bailey3
1Faculty of Agriculture, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
2Department of Aquatic Science and Fisheries, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
328 Duffield Lane Stoke Poges Slough SL2 4AD UK
1*Corresponding Author’s Email: hlamtan @ yahoo.co.uk or hlamtan @ suanet.ac.tz
A study was conducted to determine fish yields from flood depended ponds in Rufiji floodplain, Tanzania. Eight ponds were constructed during dry season in two sites besides two floodplain lakes, Ruwe and Uba. These ponds were self-stocked with different fish species from the lakes. More than eight species were trapped and Oreochromis urolepis, Labeo congoro and Clarias species were considered as good candidates for aquaculture. Other small fish species were harvested immediately after flood recession and the three key species were cultured for the maximum of seven months. However, other species in small quantities were remained in the ponds for the whole period of experiment. Water quality parameters were monitored throughout the study period. The relationships between water quality variables and flooding events were determined using canonical correspondence analysis (CCA). Other parameters included in the relationships were fish density, manure and number of species trapped and cultured. Dissolved oxygen and pH decreased with time in both sites. Fish yields were influenced by some water quality, flooding episode and other management variables. Chlorophyll-a was the only environmental variable that showed a significant correlation with fish yield (P< 0.01). Fish density and number of species trapped showed a significant effect on the fish yield (P<0.05). Re-connectivity between ponds and lakes was strongly positively correlated with yield. It can be concluded that some water quality variables, flooding and management parameters were responsible for the observed yield.
Keywords: Flooding, Oreochromis urolepis, self-stocked ponds, floodplain, fish yield
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