Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness


Change Language

Ngbede et al

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (4), pp. 136-143, May 2014.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 040714180



An Overview of Okra Production, Processing, Marketing, Utilization and Constraints in Ayaragu in Ivo Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria


1Ngbede S.O., 1H.N. Ibekwe, 1S.C. Okpara,

1U.N. Onyegbule, and 2*L. Adejumo


1National Horticultural Research Institute, Mbato Sub-Station, P.M.B 1076, Okigwe,

Imo State, Nigeria.

2National Horticultural Research Institute, Idi-Ishin, P.M.B 5432, Ibadan, Nigeria.


*Corresponding Author’s Email: ngbedesamson @ yahoo. com


The study was carried out into the production, processing, marketing, utilization and constraints of Okra in Ayaragu in Ivo Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Data was collected through the use of a well structured questionnaire and Field observations from 60 Okra farmers using simple random sampling technique. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result reveals that majority of the respondents are within their active productive age, with a mean age of 30.5 years, the male sex dominated the production process while 76.7% are married acquiring at least secondary education (41.7%) which aided their ability to understand and adopt new innovation meant to increase productivity. Production was small – scale carried out majorly on farm size of 0.5ha. Processing was carried out using traditional technique of slicing, crushing and grating. Okra utilization was fresh and dried mostly to make draw soup. Marketing was carried out at the farm gate and local market. Among the noteable constraints to increase production and marketing are fluctuation of prices and bad roads. If these constraints are adequately cater for it will positively enhance productivity.

Keyword: Assessment, Okra, Production, Processing, marketing, utilization, constraints.


Adeboye, OC and Oputa, CO, (1996): Effect of galex on growth and fruit nutrient composition of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). Ife Journal of Agriculture, 18(1&2), 1 – 9.

Adewumi, MO and Omotesho, OA, (2002): AN analysis of production objective of small rural farming household in Kwara State, Nigeria. J. Rural Development 25(winter). Pp 201 – 211.

Asian Vegetable Research Development Centre for Africa (AVRDC) (2004): 11th Regional Training course on vegetable crop production and Research. Tanzama 4th July – 4th November, 2004.

Babatunde, RO, Omotesho, OA and Sholotan, OS, (2007): Socio-economic Characteristics and Food security status of farming household in Kwara State, North – Central Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition Vol. 6, No. 1, p.16.

Bakhru, HK, (2003): Foods that heal. The Natural way to good health. Orient paperbacks, Delhi, pp82 – 90.

Bamire, AS and Oke, JT, (2003): Profitability of vegetable farming under rainy and dry season production in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of vegetable crop Prod.; 9:11 – 18

Burkil, HM, (1997): The useful plant of West African 2nd edition. Vol. 4, Families M-R, Royal Botanic Garden. Kew United Kingdom pp. 969pp

Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) (2004): Annual Report and Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 12, December 2004.

Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) (1996): Annual Report and Statement of Account, Nigeria.

Christo, EI and Onuh, MO, (2005): Influence of plant spacing on the growth and yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench. Proceedings of the 39th conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN) held at Benin, 9th- 13th October, PP 51-53.

Edet, GE and Etim, NA, (2007): Gender Role in fluted Pumpkin (Telferia Occidentalis) production in Akwa Ibom State. Proceeding of the 41st Annual Conference of the Agricultural society of Nigeria (ASU) held at Zaira, 22nd – 26th October, pp 612 – 615. 

Eke, KA, Essien, BA and Ogbu, JU, (2008): Determination of Optimum Planting Time of okra (Abelmoschus esculantus) cultivars in the derived Savannah. Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN). October 19th to 23rd at Ebonyi State University. Pp 242 – 245.

Emokaro, CO and Erhabor, PO, (2006). A comparative analysis of input use and profitability among cassava farmers in the three agro-ecological zones of Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agricultural Research 19:15-22.

Emokaro, CO; PA, Ekunwe and A Osifo, (2007): Profitability and Production constraints in dry season amaranth production in Edo South, Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment Vol. 5(3&4): PP281-283.

Farinde, AJ; OK Owlarafe, and OI Ogungbemi, (2001): An Overview of Production, processing, marketing, and utilization of okra in Egbedore Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. Agricultural Engineering International. The CIGR E Journal. Vol. IX. July, 2007.

Katung, MD and Kashina, BD, (2005): Time of partial Defoliation and GAS Effect on Growth Indices and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculantus (L) Moench ). Proceeding Of the 39th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria (ASN) held at Benin, 9th-13th October, PP 210-213.

Kemble, J.M., E.J. Sikora, G.W. Zehnder and M.G, Patterson (1995): Guide to commercial okra production. File: IIE/ANR – 959. Guide to Commercial okra production. htm.

John F, (1999): Introduction to marketing. International Thompson on Business press. P5.

Markose, BL and Peter, KV, (1990): Okra, review of research on vegetable and tuber crops. Technical Bulletin, 16. Kerala Agricultural University Press, Mannuthy Kerala, pp. 109

National Population Commission (NPC) (2006): Population census of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Analytical Report at the National Level, National Population Commission, Abuja.

National Research Council (NRC) (2006): Lost Crops of Africa: Volume 11: Vegetable, National Academic Press.

Nwaiwu, IU, (2007): Comparative Analysis of the use of External and Internal farm inputs for sustainable cassava production in Imo State. An unpublished M.Sc thesis submitted to the Postgraduate School, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

Ogungbile, AO and JO Olukosi, (1991): An overview of the problems of the Resource for Farmers in Nigeria Agriculture. In Olukosi et al (eds) Appropriate Agricultural Technologies for Resource Poor farmers. National Farm Systems Network 1991. pp 21 – 35.

Olayide, SO, (1980): Characteristic and Significance of small Farmers in Nigeria, problem and Prospects. In Integrated Rural Development Card, University of Ibadan.

Schippers, RR (2000): Africa Indigenous Vegetable an overview of the cultivated species. National Resources Institute (NRI), University of Greenwich, London, United Kingdom, 214 pp.

Siemonsma, JS, (1982): The cultivation of Okra (Abelmoschus SPP), tropical fruit-vegetable (with special reference to the Ivory Coast) D.H.O., thesis, wageningen Agricultural, Wageningen, the Netherland. 297pp

Udoh, DJ,Ndon, BA, Asuquo, PE and Ndaeyo, NU, (2005): Crop production techniques for the tropics. Concept publisher, Lagos, Nigeria.PP 223-247.

Varmudy, V, (2011): Marketing Survey needed to boost okra exports. Department of economic Vive Kananda College, Puttur Karnataka.

Call for Articles/Books

Call for Scholarly Articles

Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.

The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.

Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to or

Call for Books

You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas.    Submit as an e-mail attachment to


Login Form

Other Journals