Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Open Access


Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 2 (7), pp.345 - 350, November 2012

 ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2011 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number:10031278


Life form and leaf size spectra of  vegetation in Kotli Hills, Azad Jammu and  Kashmir (Pakistan)


Muhammad  Shoaib Amjad


Department of Botany, University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi.


Author’s Email: malikshoiab1165 @


The flora of District Kotli consists of 97 plant species belonging to 47 families. The biological spectrum showed that therophytes ( 27.83 %), was the dominant life form of the area. It was followed by hemicryptophytes (20.61 %), nanophanerophytes (18.55 %), Geophytes (12.64%) and megaphanerophytes (12.37%). Chamaephytes (2.06%) and lianas (3.09%) were low in number. The leaf size spectra of plant communities consisted of microphylls (25.77 %), mesophylls (8.24 %), leptophylls (35.05 %), nanophylls (28.86 %) and megaphylls (3.60 %). Thedominance of Therophytes and Leptophylls indicate that the area was a subtropical type.
Keywords: Flora, Leaf size, life form, Kotli, Therophytes, Leptophylls, Microphylls.

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