Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 2 (7), pp.345 - 350, November 2012
ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2011 Greener Journals
Life form and leaf size spectra of vegetation in Kotli Hills, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (Pakistan)
Muhammad Shoaib Amjad
Department of Botany, University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi.
Author’s Email: malikshoiab1165 @ yahoo.com
The flora of District Kotli consists of 97 plant species
belonging to 47 families. The biological spectrum showed
that therophytes ( 27.83 %), was the dominant life form of
the area. It was followed by hemicryptophytes (20.61 %),
nanophanerophytes (18.55 %), Geophytes (12.64%) and
megaphanerophytes (12.37%). Chamaephytes (2.06%) and lianas
(3.09%) were low in number. The leaf size spectra of plant
communities consisted of microphylls (25.77 %), mesophylls
(8.24 %), leptophylls (35.05 %), nanophylls (28.86 %) and
megaphylls (3.60 %). Thedominance of Therophytes and
Leptophylls indicate that the area was a subtropical type.
Keywords: Flora, Leaf size, life form, Kotli, Therophytes, Leptophylls, Microphylls.