Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Sercan and Yahya

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (9), pp. 263-270, November 2017.

ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2017 Greener Journals

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 112117171



Characterization of Aroma Profile of Bogma, Traditional Homemade Turkish Spirit††


*Sercan Dede, Yahya Kemal Avşar


Mustafa Kemal University, Agricultural Faculty, Department of Food Engineering, Antakya-Hatay, Turkey. 


Volatile compounds and aroma profile of Bogma (traditional Turkish homemade distilled spirit) produced from dry fig were investigated. Volatile compounds by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and aroma active compounds by gas chromatography/olfactometry (GC/O) were determined using direct injection (DI) and head space-solid phase microextraction techniques (HS-SPME). Aroma extraction dilution analysis (AEDA) was employed to reveal the importance of each aroma active compounds in Bogma aroma.

With DI, 12 volatiles and 7 aroma active compounds were detected while HS-SPME showed the existence of 44 volatiles and 16 aroma active compounds. Of the total aroma active compounds, 7 were determined only at the sniffing port. Results showed that aroma of this traditional spirit was affected from its raw material and production processes. Furthermore, both HS-SPME and DI technique should be used as complementary for a better understanding of aroma or similar type spirits.

 Key words: Bogma, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, olfactometry, aroma.

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