Okpamen et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (10), pp. 709-715, October 2013.
ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 071713737
Remediation and Management of Acid Sand
Soils in Oil Palm Plantations by Carbon
*1Okpamen S.U., 2Oviasogie P.O., 3Ilori G.E., 4Osayande P.E.
and 5Uwubamwen I.O.
1, 2, 4Chemistry Division.
5Agric Econs, Nigeria Institute for Oil Palm Research P.M.B 1030 Benin City Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: okpamens @ yahoo.com
Efforts to recycle and capture the ocean of green house
gases emitted from the huge amount of crop removed from the
earth surface and from the indiscriminate application of N
fertilizers in agriculture, are of serious consideration to
soil and environmental scientist world over. In the light of
this, a study to investigate and evaluate the available
processes that would recapture this huge quantum of green
house gases (GHGs) using soil nutrient and efficient crop
management, and spatial area stock of SOC techniques was
embarked upon in the Nigeria Institute For Oil palm Research
NIFOR, Nigeria. It is a study to optimize and exploit the
enormous biodiversity created by the present institute
environment of the main station in the Nigeria Institute for
Oil palm Research. Which helps to create an ecosystem that
sequesters SOC and reduces GHGs within the environment? The
study covers three fields and a pool gene site of the
Institute, where soil nutrient and environmental/agronomic
management practices that exploit spatial photosynthetic
energy, powered by solar system are practiced, adopted and
encouraged. The Nigeria Institute for Oil palm Research,
NIFOR, is a center that is geared a step forward to
introducing this technology in its fields and plantations.
The nutrient and crop management practice is an intensive
spatial photo-energy reserve techniques in plants (carbon
sink) that holds down carbon in store in both soil and
plants in blocks or fields planted to palms in the
institute. It’s by reducing to the minimum the constant and
continuous opening of the vegetation through removal of the
earth covers. The institute allows standing crops (Palms) to
their maximum productive age, to optimize their productive
life yielding highest outputs per stand year-1 and getting
to diminishing return before felling. The application of the
right amount of N-targeted fertilizers to meet the required
needs of the palms is administered after a fertilizer trial
result is established. This has reduced the lost of
N-fertilizer through N2O de-nitrification either in form of
N2O to the atmosphere, or NO3- ions through soil saturation
and erosion. Thereby reducing the effects of green house
gases emitted in the institute area spanning about
1,700hactares of palm plantations, The extension department
of the institute recommends these practices to farmers in
the industry to create in the nearest future a clement and
proficient environment that hold unquantifiable volume of
CO2 in soils and in the plants.
Keywords: Nitrogen – targeted, GHGs; green house gases, de-nitrification, Carbon sink; Soil carbon sequestration.