Clairmont et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (9), pp. 256-261, October 2016.
ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2015 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 092816148
An Evaluation of ‘Vinasse’ (Bio-Ethanol Effluent) and Vermicompost as Soil Amendments for Cash Crop Production
Clairmont Clementson*, Bibi Nariefa Abrahim1,
Oudho Homenauth2, Vickram Persaud3
National Agricultural Research and Extension Institute, Mon Repos, East Coast Demerara, Guyana
The indiscriminate application of various inorganic fertilizers has triggered many soil, water and health issues around the world. Due to the extent of these concerns, various forms of organic fertilizers have since been explored. This study sought to establish the suitability of two organic composites (vinasse and vermicompost) as fertilizers in cash crop production. The crops selected were leafy vegetables from the Class of Magnoliopsida and included Brassica rappa spp. Chinesis (pakchoi), Lactuca sativa (lettuce) and Brassica oleracea var. capitata (cabbage). The response of these crops to four fertilization regimes (control – no fertilizers, vermicompost, vinasse and NPK) were monitored. Upon harvesting, data regarding weight of plants and number of leaves were recorded and analyzed. There was a 35.8%, 15.6% and a 20.7% greater yield of lettuce, pakchoi and cabbage, when vinasse was used as the fertilizer, as compared with NPK. With vermicompost, there were 19.5% and 5.2% higher yields for lettuce and cabbage with a 15.6% reduction of yield for pakchoi as compared with NPK. Considering the increased yield demonstrated from this study coupled with the environmental, soil and crop nutrient benefits posited by other researchers, vinasse and vermicompost should be utilized as an organic replacement for inorganic fertilizers.
Keywords: vinasse, vermicompost, NPK, soil amendments, cash crop, fertilizers.
Abrahim, B. N., Clementson, C., and Homenauth, O. 2016. Assessment of the Potential Water Quality Effects Resulting from the Release of Vinasse, from the Bioethanol Demonstration Plant, into the Surrounding Waterway. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6(3): 102-109.
Aktions-Netzwerk, P. 2015. Cabbage. Retrieved 06 29, 2016, from Online Information Service for Non-Chemical Pest Management in the Tropics: http://www.oisat.org/crops/vegetables/cabbage.html
Arafat, S., and Yassen, A. E. 2002. Agronomic Evaluation of Fertilizing Efficiency of Vinasse. 17th World Congress of Soil Science, Bangkok, Thailand.
Central Research Institute of Dryland Agriculture. 2016. Vermicompost from Waste. Hyderabad, India. Retrieved 1st September, 2016 from http://compostclub.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/2273.pdf
Diacono, M., and Montemurro, F. 2009. Long-term Effects of Organic Amendments on Soil Fertility: A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 30(2):401-422
FAO. 1972. Effects of Intensive Fertilizer Use on the Human Environment. Soils Bulletin 16:360. Rome
Kissel, E. D., Isaac, R.A., Hitchcock, R., Sonon, L. S. and Vendrell, P.F. 2007. Implementation of Soil Lime Requirement by a Single Addition Titration Method. Communications in Soil Science and Analysis 38(9-10):1341-1352.
Kumaresan, M., Manivannan, J., and Karsten, E. R. 1984. Making a high quality compost tea. Biocycle 40(94):22.
Kumari, A., Kumar, R., and Rao, N. 2014. Adverse Effects of Chemical Fertilizers and Pesticides on Human Health and Environment. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Special Issue (3):150-151.
Lazcano, C., and Dominiguez, J. 2011. The Use of Vermicompost in Sustainable Agriculture: Impact on Plant Growth and Soil Fertility. In: Soil Nutrients. Chapter 10. Nova Science Publishers Inc.
Munroe, G. 2016. Manual of On-Farm Vermicomposting and Vermiculture. Organic Agriculture Centre of Canada. Retrieved 1st September 2016 from http://oacc.info/docs/vermiculture_farmersmanual_gm.pdf
National Agricultural Research and Extension Institute. 2016. Green Agriculture- Benefits and Practices. National Agricultural Research and Extension Institute, Georgetown, Guyana.
Palm, C., Myers, R., and Nandwa, S.1997. Combined Use of Organic and Inorganic Nutrient Sources for Soil Fertility Maintenance and Replenishment. American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science Society of America, Special Publication 51(8)193-217.
Prado, R., Caione, G., and Campos, C. 2013. Filter Cake and Vinasse as Fertilizers Contributing to Conservation Agriculture. Applied and Environmental Science 2013:1-9.
Saranraj, P., and Stella, D. 2012. Vermicomposting and its Importance in Improvement of Soil Nutrients and Agricultural Crops. Novus Natural Science Research 1(1):14-23.
Savci, S. 2012. Investigation of Effect of Chemical Fertilizers on the Environment. Asia-Pacific Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering Society Procedia 1(2012):287-292.
Suphachai, A., Takagaki, M., Chaireag, S., Sutevee, S., and Kazuyuki, I. 2006. Effect of Amount of Nitrogen Fertilizer on early Growth of Leafy vegetables in Thailand. Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture 50(3):127-132.