Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Open Access

Vawa et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (9), pp. 262-271, October 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2015 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 101416162


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.9.101416162)

 

Host Status of Plantain Hybrids FHIA 21 and PITA 3 for Populations of Radopholus similis and Pratylenchus coffeae in Côte D’ivoire

 

*1Vawa Otro Serge Theodore, 2Adiko Amoncho,

3Gnonhouri Goly Philippe, 4Otchoumou Atcho

 

1, 402 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Université Nangui Abrogoua, Côte d’Ivoire.

2, 301 BP 1536 Abidjan 01, Centre National de Recherche Agronomique, Côte d’Ivoire, Station de Bimbresso.


Abstract


Background: The work herein reported has been conducted in the framework of the implementation of the strategy of food security strategy in Côte d’Ivoire. In this perspective, FHIA 21 and PITA 3, two high yielding plantain hybrids, resistant to black Sigatoka have been assessed relatively to their response to Radopholus similis and Pratylenchus coffeae.

Methods: FHIA 21 and PITA 3 were inoculated with increasing inoculum levels of the parasites under monoxenic conditions: 5, 10, 15 and 20 R. similis or P. coffeae/g roots and dixenic conditions: 3 R. similis and 3 P. coffeae; 5 R. similis and 5 P. coffeae; 10 R. similis and 10 P. coffeae; 10 R. similis and 5 P. coffeae; 5 R. similis and 10 P. coffeae/g roots. The cultivar HORNE 1 served as susceptible reference in both trials that were conducted in the glasshouse for eight weeks.

Results: FHIA 21 appeared resistant to R. similis (R=0.98) and susceptible to P. coffeae (R=2.99). As to PITA 3, it was susceptible to both R. similis (R=2.47) and P. coffeae (R=2.94). Host suitability was further confirmed when comparing nematode reproduction under the hybrids to that under HORNE 1. FHIA 21 was designated slightly resistant to R. similis with a reproduction of 40.22 % and susceptible to P. coffeae (83.27%). The susceptibility of PITA 3 was also confirmed to R. similis (83.27%) and P. coffeae (73.63%).

Conclusion: With R. similis, the threshold of 10 nematodes/g of roots commonly used for rational nematicide applications in banana cultivation was confirmed. In the light of the predominance of P. coffeae in banana and plantain agrosystems in Côte d’Ivoire, the new reference threshold  of 5 P. coffeae/g roots is recommended for an effective management of plant-parasitic nematode pressure.

 

Key words: Radopholus similis, Pratylenchus coffeae, Plantain hybrids, PITA 3, FHIA 21, HORNE 1, resistance, susceptibility, threshold

Return to Content       View [Full Article - PDF]

 [Full Article - HTML]           [Full Article - EPUB]         

Post-review Rundown

  View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]


References


Adiko A (1989). Nematodes seasonal fluctuation and yield losses in two plantains cultivars, Musa (AAB), in Côte d’Ivoire. Agronomie Africaine 1 (2) : 25-34.

 

Adiko A et N’guessan AB (2001). Evolution de la nématofaune du bananier plantain (Musa AAB), in Côte d’Ivoire. Infomusa, 10: 2-2.

 

Anonymous (1987). A high yielding plantain for national markets resistant to black sigatoka fungus. Banana and plantain program. Honduran Fundation for Agricultural Research, 4 P.

 

Anonymous (2016). Etude de la filière Banane Plantain en Côte d’Ivoire. Projet « Promotion et commercialisation de la Banane Plantain et du Manioc en Côte d’Ivoire » financé par le Comité Français pour la Solidarité Internationale (CFSI), 62 P.

 

Araya M et De waele D (2004). Spatial distribution of nematodes in three banana (Musa AAA) root parts considering two root thickness in three farm management systems. Acta Oecologica 26 :137-148.

 

Baker B., Zambriski P., Staskaviez B and Dinesh-kumar SP (1997). Signaling in plant-microbe interaction. Science, 276 (5313) : 726-733.

 

Boisseau M et Sarah JL. (2008). In vitro rearing of Pratylenchidae nematodes on carrot discs. Fruits, 63 (5) : 307-310.

 

Bridge J., Sikora RA et Luc M (2005). Plant parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture, 2nd Edition. CABI Bioscience Egham, UK, 871p.

 

De Waele D (1996). Plant resistance to nematodes in other crops: relevant research that may be applicable to Musa. Pp. 108-115 in New Frontiers in Resistance Breeding for Nematodes, Fusarium and Sigatoka (Frison E.A., Horry J-P. et De Waele D., eds). INIBAP, Montpellier, France.

 

Gnonhouri P et Adiko A (2008). Distribution géographique de Radopholus similis et Pratylenchus coffeae. Risque potentiel sur la pérennisation des plantations de bananiers dessert en Côte d’ivoire. Agronomie Africaine, 20 (2) : 213- 220.

 

Gnonhouri P., Adiko A., Kobenan K et Aké S (2009). Longévité des bananeraies industrielles en relation avec le parasitisme des nématodes Radopholus similis et Pratylenchus coffeae en Côte d’ivoire. Journal of applied biosciences 19:1100-1111.

 

Gowen S et Queneherve P (1990). Nematode parasites of bananas, plantains and abaca. In  Plant Parasitic Nematodes In Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. Luc M. Sikora R. A. et Bridge J., eds : 431-460.

 

Guérout R (1972). Relation entre les populations de Radopholus similis Cobb et la croissance du bananier. Fruits, 27, 331-337.

 

Jones DR (2000). Fungal diseases of the foliage. Pp. 37-141. In Diseases of banana, Abaca and Ensete. (D.R. Jones ed.) CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, 544 p.

 

Lassoudière A (2009). Le bananier et sa culture. Connaissance de la plante. Interaction avec le milieu écologique. Ed Quae, Versailles, France. 383 p.

 

Oostenbrink M (1966). Major characteristics of the relation between nematodes and plants. Meded. Landbouw. Wageningen n°.66-4.

 

Pinochet J (1996). Review of past research on Musa germplasm and nematode interactions. Pp. 32-44. In New Frontiers in Resistance Breeding for Nematodes, Screening of Musa germplasm for resistance and tolerance to nematodes Fusarium and Sigatoka (Frison E.A., Horry J-P. and De Waele D., eds). INIBAP, Montpellier, France.

 

Pinochet J., Fernandez C et Sarah JL (1995). Influence of temperature on in vitro reproduction of Pratylenchus coffeae, P. goodeyi and Radopholus similis. Fundam. Appl. Nematol., 1995, 18 (4), 391-392.

 

Sarah, JL (2000). In: Diseases of banana, abaca and ensete. 295-303. C.A.B International, Wallingford.

 

Sarah JL (1989). Bananas nematodes and their control in Africa. Nematropica, 19 (2): 199-216.

 

Sarah JL., Pinochet J et Stanton J (1996). Radopholus similis Cobb, nématodes parasites des bananiers. Parasites et ravageurs des Musa. Fiche technique n°1, INIBAP, Montpellier,  France. 2 Pp.

 

Seinhorst JW (1950). De Betekenis van de Toestand van de Grond voor het stengelaaltje (Ditylenchus dipsaci Filipjev),40 p.

 

Simmonds NW (1962). The evolution of bananas. Longman Eds. London, 300 p.

 

Stoffelen R., Jimenez MI., Dierckxsens C., Tam VTT., Swennen R and De Waele D (1999). Effect of time and inoculum density on the reproductive fitness of Pratylenchus coffeae and Radopholus similis populations on carrot disks. Nematology 1: (3) 243-250.

 

Taylor AL (1967). Introduction to research on plant nematology. FAO, UN, Pub. No. 1PL:CP/5. Rome, Italy. 133 pp.

 

Thiemele DEF., Issali AE., Traore S., Kouassi KM., Aby N., Gnonhouri GP., Kobenan K., Yao NT., Adiko A et Zakra NA (2015). Macropropagation of plantain (Musa spp.) cultivars PITA 3, FHIA 21, ORISHELE and CORNE 1: effect of benzylaminopurine (BAP) concentration. J. Plant Develop, 22 (2015) : 31-39

 

Vuylsteke D., Ortiz R and Swennen R (1993). Genetic improvement of plantains and banana at IITA. Info musa, 2:(1)10-10.