Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (8), pp. 203-209, October 2017.
Manuscript Number: 100117141
Youth in Agriculture; Perceptions and Challenges for Enhanced Participation in Kajiado North Sub-County, Kenya
Lucy Karega Njeru (PhD)
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Embu P. O. BOX 6-60100 Embu, Kenya.
Agriculture in Kenya can develop gainful employment opportunities for youth that would enable them exploit their economic innovation and enhance equal opportunities for the male and female youth for national economic growth. Improving youth participation in the agricultural sector is thus of paramount importance for the nation to develop. Youth’s interest in agriculture is however likely to be positively related to their perceptions in terms of agricultural-related activities mostly being portrayed as difficult and assumed to be meant for the ageing rural population. The relationship between youth’s perception on agriculture and their participation in agriculture in Kajiado North Sub-County was poorly understood and hence the need for this study, which used a cross-sectional design to collect data from 397 randomly, selected youth and 22 youth and agricultural officers. Content validity of the youth and agricultural officers’ questionnaires was ascertained by extension experts while reliability was determined through a pilot test involving 30 respondents. The reliability coefficient were 0.86α and 0.80α respectively, which were above the 0.70 threshold for acceptable reliability. The study showed that there is a statistically significant relationship between youth perception on agriculture and their participation in the study area (r=0.675 p=0.01), p=.001). The study revealed youth’s negative perceptions of agriculture as a reason why many did not participate in the sector; where 18.1% youth felt that there were no role models in agriculture and 17.6% claimed that agriculture was not profitable. The government and other development partners should come up with strategies of addressing the issue of negative perception that has an implication on youth participation in agriculture. Government can ensure that agricultural education and training reflects the needs of the agricultural labour market and enhance youth’s familiarity with the world of work, including its practical challenges and rewards. Youth should be directly linked to business partners and they should be given hands-on experience.
Key Words: Agriculture, Employment, perceptions, challenges, Youth.
Agena, M. (2011). Increasing Rural Agricultural Productivity through Technology: A Story of a Young Modern Fruit Grower in Apac, Northern Uganda in ‘CTA ARDYIS Essay Contest’, 2011.
AGRA (Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa). (2015). Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa. Africa Agriculture Status Report: Youth in Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nairobi, Kenya. Issue No. 3.
Bezu, S. & Holden, S. (2014). Are Rural Youth in Ethiopia Abandoning Agriculture? World Development, 64, 259-272.
Brooks, K. Amy, G. Goyal, A. & Zorya, S. (2013). Agriculture as a Sector of Opportunity for Young People in Africa (Policy research working papers). Washington, D.C.: The World Bank
CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) World Facts. (2014). Data on Youth Unemployment and Driving Factors in Kenya. Retrieved May 2, 2015 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/world-factbook/../whatsnew.h
Dalla Valle, F. (2012). Exploring Opportunities and Constraints for Young Agro Entrepreneurs in Africa. Conference abridged version. Rome, FAO.
FAO. (2013). Review of Food and Agricultural Policies in the Kenya 2005-2011 (MAFAP Country Report Series). FAO: Rome.
FAO. (2014). Private and Public Partnership Model for Youth Employment in Agriculture. Experiences from Malawi, Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar archipelago. Rome.
GoK. (2013). Kenya Population and Housing Census. Volume 1 C, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics
ILO (2013). Guidance on How to Address Rural Employment and Decent Work Concerns in FAO Country Activities, 2011.
Kangai, E. Mburu, J. & Nyikal, R. (2011). Incentives and Constraints of Financing Mechanisms for Compliance to Global GAP Standards among Smallholder Horticultural Farmers in Kenya: University of Nairobi. 26th - 28th September, 2011
Kombo, K. & Tromp, D. (2008). Proposal and Thesis Writing: An Introduction, p. 168. Nairobi: Pauline’s Publications Africa (ISBN: 9966-08-106-2).
Kothari, R. (2008). Research methodology: Methods and Techniques, (pp. 1-56). New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers (ISBN 10:81-224-1522-9).
Leavy, J. & Hossain, N. (2014). Who Wants to Farm? Youth Aspirations, Opportunities and Rising Food Prices. IDS Working Papers, 2014(439), 1-44.
MoA (Ministry of Agriculture). (2013). Kajiado North District Strategic Plan. Implementation of the National Population Policy for Sustainable Development. National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development (2012-2017).
Njeru, L. Gichimu, B. Lopokoiyit, M. & Mwangi J G. (2015). Influence of Kenyan Youth’s Perception towards Agriculture and Necessary Interventions; a Review. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology; 5(1): 40-45.
Noorani, M. (2015). To Farm or not to Farm? Rural Youth Perceptions of Farming and their Decision of Whether or not to Work as a Farmer. A Case Study of Rural Youth in Kiambu County, Kenya.
OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). (2012). Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). 2012. African Economic Outlook 2012. Paris.
Paisley, C. (2012). Skill Gaps in Formal Higher Agricultural Education: A Youth Perspective. Background Paper for the Future Agriculture Conference on Young People, Farming and Food: The Future of the Agri Food Sector in Africa.
Proctor, F. & Lucchesi, V. (2012). Small-scale farming and youth in an era of rapid rural Change. Retrieved September 24, 2013, from pubs.iied.org pdfs 14617II D.pdf 27
UNBS (Uganda National Bureau of Statistics). (2012). the National Labour Force and Child Activities.
UNDP (United Nations Development Program). (2013). Human Development Report 2013. New York. Survey 2011/12: Youth Employment Report.
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). (2012). Reaching out-of-School Children is Crucial for Development. UIS Factsheet, June 2012, No. 18.
UNICEF (United Nations International Children Education Fund). (2013). Education and Gender Equality in Eastern and Southern Africa; 2010. Retrieved on 8th august 2014 from http://www.unicef.org
World Bank. (2014). Agriculture Overview. Retrieved October 1, 2014, from http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/agriculture/overview#1
World Bank. (2015). Unemployment Youth Totals (% of Total Labour Force Ages 15-24). Retrieved May 2, 2015 from data.worldbank.org; indicators.
Call for Articles/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.