Olowookere and Oyerinde
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (8), pp. 189-196, October 2017.
Manuscript Number: 100217144
Effects of Nitrogen and Micronutrient on
Biomass Accumulation of Maize Varieties
Olowookere B. T. and *Oyerinde G.T.
Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja.
The experiment was conducted during the rainy seasons of 2008 and 2009 at the Institute for Agricultural Research farm in Samaru (11o 11’ N, 7o 38’E), Nigeria. The study was conducted with the objectives of testing the effects of nitrogen levels and micronutrients on stover yield of maize varieties (Quality Protein Maize QPM and normal maize). The treatments consisted of four rates of nitrogen fertilizer (0, 50, 100 and 150kgNha-1), two rates of micronutrients (0, cocktail mixtures of Cu, Fe, Zn, B and Mo) and four maize varieties SAMMAZ 14, SUSUMA (QPM), SAMMAZ 11 and SAMMAZ 12 (normal maize) which gave a total of thirty-two (32) treatments with basal application of 60kgha-1P as P2O5 and 60kgha-1K as K2O. This was tested in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications with a total of 96 plots respectively. The fertilizer treatments were factorially combined. The Stover yield increased as the nitrogen rate increased. The Stover yield trend was in this order: SAMMAZ 11 > SUSUMA > SAMMAZ 14 > SAMMAZ 12. Farmers can therefore adopt the QPM varieties (SUSUMA and SAMMAZ 11) since it is easy to cultivate like the normal maize in the same environment and climatic conditions with higher biomass yield.
Keywords: maize variety, nitrogen, micronutrient, Northern Guinea Savannah, stover yield.
Adhikary, B. H., Shrestha, J. and Baral, B. R. (2010). Effects of micronutrients on growth and productivity of maize in acidic soil. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. Vol 1(1):8-15.
Ayub, M., Nndeem, M. A., Shacar, M. S. and Mahmood, N. (2002). Response of maize fodder to different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. Asian J.Plant Sci. 1:352-354.
Daudu, C. K. (2004). An evaluation of different sources of organic matter on the fertility and productivity of an Alfisol in the Nigerian savanna. Unpublished PhD. Thesis ABU, Zaria
Dugje, I. Y., Kamara, A. Y. and Kwari, J. D. (2008). Analysis of soil physio–chemical properties determining Striga hermonthica infestations and grain yield of maize (Zea mays L.) in Nigerian Guinea and Sudan savannas. Nigerian Journal of Weed Science 21: 23-37.
El-Gizawy, N.K.B. (2009). Effects of nitrogen rate and plant density on agronomic nitrogen efficiency and maize yields following wheat and fababean. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science 5 (3): 378-386.
Enwezor, W. O., Udo E. J., Osoroh ,N. J., Ayotade- Adepetu, J. A., Chude, V. O. and Adudegbe, C. I. (1989). Fertilizer use and management practices for crops in Nigeria. Fed. Min. of Agric. Water Res. and Rural Dev. Lagos.
Heathcote, R.G. (1973b). The effect of potassium and trace elements on yield in the northern Nigeria. African soils. 17:85-89.
Jones, M.J. (1973).A reviews of the use of rock phosphate as fertilizer in francophone West Africa, Samaru Miscellaneous paper No. 43 IAR/ABU, Zaria, Nigeria.
Jones, M. J. and Wild, A. (1975). Soils of West African Savannah Tech Comm No. 55 Commonwealth Bureau of soils Harpenden.Pp 246.
Joshy, D. (1997). Soil Fertility and Fertilizer use in Nepal. Soil Science Division NARC, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal, pp82.
Kparmwang, T. Chude, V.O and Esu, I.E. (1995). Hydrochlonic acid (0.1m) and DTPA and total iron and manganese in bassaltic soil profiles of the Nigeria Savannah .Communication in soil science and plant Analysis 26(17 & 18): 2783-2796.
Kparmwang, T. Esu, I.E and Chude, V.O (1998).Available and total forms of copper and zinc in bassaltic soils of the Nigerian savannah. Communication in soils science and plant analysis 29 (15x16): 2235-2245.
Lombin, G. (1983a). Evaluating the micronutrient fertility of Nigeria’s semi- arid Savanna 1: Copper and Manganese. Soil Science 135 (b) 377-384.
Lombin, G. (1983b). Evaluating the micronutrients fertility of Nigeria’s semi- arid Savanna. Zinc. Soil Science 136 : 42-47.
Lombin, G. (1987). Fertilizer requirements of the major cereal crops in the Nigerian Savanna. Proceedings of the National Fertilizer Seminar held at Port Harcourt, 28-30, Oct. pp 106-110.
Mahmood, M.T., Maqsood, M., Awan, T.H., and Sarwar, R. (2001). Effect of different levels of nitrogen and intra-row plant spacing on yield and yield components of maize. Pakistanic Journal of Agricultural Science. 38(1-2): 48-49.
Mbagwu, J.S.C. (1990).Maize response to N fertilizer under two tillage and mulch treatments. J. of Science of Food and Agriculture, 52(3) 265-376.
Moberg, J.P. and Esu, I. E. (1989). Characteristic and composition of soils of Northern Nigeria. Report submitted to the IAR, ABU, Zaria.
Ogunwole, J.O. (2000). The macro- environment of cereal based intercrop at Samaru, northern Nigeria. Ph.D Thesis Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru- Zaria.
Onasanya, R. O., Aiyelari, O. P., Onasanya, A., Oikey, S., Nwilene, F. E. and Oyelakin, O. O. (2009). Growth and yield response of maize (Zea mays L.) to different rates of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers in southern Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Science 5 (4):400-407.
Owonubi, J.J., Abdulmumin, S., Malgwi, W.B. and Mua’zu S. (1991). Review of soil water balance studies of the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Niger. In: Soil water balance in the Sudano –Sahelian zone proceeding of Niamey workshop. Feb.1991. M.V.K. Siva Kumar, J. S. Wallace C. Renord and C. Grivoux 329-388. JAHS Publ. No. 199.
SAS (2005). Statistical Analytical system. SAS Users guide. Statistics. Version 5.SAS Institute Cary, NC
Tanimu, J. Iwuafor, E.N.O., Odunze, A. C. and Tian, G. (2007). Effect of incorporation of leguminous cover crops on yield and yield components of maize. World Journal of Agricultural Science. 3(2):243-249.
Wajid, A. Ghaffar, A., Maqsood, M Hussain, K. and Nasim, W. (2007). Yield response of maize hybrids to varying nitrogen rates. Pakistani Journal of Agricultural Science 44(2): 217-220.
Yaro, D.T., Kparmwang, T. Aliyu, S.M., Wuddivira, H.N and Tarfa, B.D (2002). Status of DTPAand HCL extractable cationic micronutrients in soils of the long term DNPK plot at Samaru Zaria. Nigeria Journal of Soil Research vol. 3: 27-32.
Zotarelli, L., Avila, L., Scholberg, J. M.S. and Alves, B.J.R. (2009). Benefits of vetch and rye cover crops to sweet corn under no-tillage. Agronomy Journal 101:252-260.
Call for Articles/Books/Thesis
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.