Ojo et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (9), pp. 649-655, September 2013.
Manuscript Number: 072313747
Gender Analysis of Determinants of Labor Input among Yam Farmers in Paiko Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
*Ojo C. O., Bulama Y. M., and Mohammed U. A.
Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri,
Borno State, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: nickatie2003 @ yahoo.com, Telephone: 2348059217709
The study examined factors that determined labor input of
male and female managed farms among yam producing households
in Paiko Local government area of Niger State. Primary data
were used and a structured questionnaire was the instrument
used to collect data. Simple random sampling technique was
used to select 60 households from where 60 respondents (30
male and 30 female) were obtained. Descriptive and
inferential statistics were used to analyze the data
collected. The findings of the study revealed that 76.63% of
the male respondents were aged 20-40 years, while 78.3% of
the female were aged 20-40 years. Determinants of labor
supply among the female managed farms had R2 of 49% with
family size, farm size and yam farming experience being
statistically significant while among male managed farms, R2
was 90.3% and farm size, age, wage rate, number of extension
visits and family size were statistically significant. The
major constraints to yam farming among the male yam farmers
were lack of transportation and disease. On the other hand,
the major constraints faced by the female farmers were time
spent in household chores and transportation. It was
recommended that Government should design policies that will
help yam farmers to easily access loans at low interest. In
order to ensure that the labor imputed into yam production
is not wasted, farming inducement packages should be
instituted. Such packages to be targeted at farmers include
access to extension services and membership of cooperatives.
Keywords: Labor use, female managed farms, male managed farms, yam, Paiko LGA.
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