Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Tewodros and Meseret

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (9), pp. 628-635, September 2013.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 061013657

 

Production Constraints, Farmers Preferences and Participatory on Farm Evaluation of Improved Forage Technologies in Selected Districts of Southern Ethiopia

 

Tewodros Mulualem1* and Meseret Molla2

 

1Jimma Agricultural Research Center,  PO. Box 192, Jimma, Ethiopia.

2jimma University College of agriculture and Veterinary Medicine. PO. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.

 

*Corresponding Author’s Email: tewodros74 @ yahoo.com


Absttact:

Assessments of Desmodiumintortum (Desmodium),Rhodes grass and Alfalfas was carried out on 54 farmers fields in Bolososore, Soddo and Kedidagamila districts of Wolayita and Kembata-tembaro zones of Southern Ethiopia during 2010/2011 cropping season. The objectives of the study was to test the adaptability and acceptability of grass and legume forages, create awareness to the farmers and evaluate the yield performance of the forage species by farmers’ evaluation criteria. The range and mean performance of annual grass and legume forages showed considerable amount of variability among the traits in all tested locations. For instance, fresh biomass and dry matter yields of Desmodium was varied from 55.3-83.2 t/ha and 20.01-46.75 t/ha, in Boloso, 41.7-79.3 t/ha in Soddo and 33.8-76.4 t/ha and 13.9-34.2 t/ha in Kedidagamila districts respectively. Moreover, the fresh biomass yields of Rhodes grass varied from 31.9-98.0 t/ha and 27.8-39.3 t/ha for Soddo and Kedidagamila districts, respectively. Besides, the fresh biomass and dry matter yields of alfalfa is varied from 21.9-44.1 t/ha and 22.1-34.30 t/ha and 8.26-23.26 t/ha and 10.6-17.6 t/ha for Sddo and Kedidagamila districts, respectively. Based on farmers’ evaluation, the performance of Desmodium wasthe second place after Rhodes grass in all tested districts. In all tested farmers’ field, both desmodium and Rhodes grass were the most vigorous, persistent and highly adapted species, and thus can be safely suggested for all tested districts. Based on the overall mean evaluation criteria, 33.05%, 49.34% and 17.73% of tested farmers were select desmodium, Rhodes grass and alfalfa respectively.
 
Keywords: Assessments, Farmers preferences, Forage, Participatory.

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