Tewodros and Meseret
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (9), pp. 628-635, September 2013.
Manuscript Number: 061013657
Production Constraints, Farmers Preferences and Participatory on Farm Evaluation of Improved Forage Technologies in Selected Districts of Southern Ethiopia
Tewodros Mulualem1* and Meseret Molla2
1Jimma Agricultural Research Center, PO. Box 192, Jimma, Ethiopia.
2jimma University College of agriculture and Veterinary Medicine. PO. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: tewodros74 @ yahoo.com
Assessments of Desmodiumintortum (Desmodium),Rhodes grass
and Alfalfas was carried out on 54 farmers fields in
Bolososore, Soddo and Kedidagamila districts of Wolayita and
Kembata-tembaro zones of Southern Ethiopia during 2010/2011
cropping season. The objectives of the study was to test the
adaptability and acceptability of grass and legume forages,
create awareness to the farmers and evaluate the yield
performance of the forage species by farmers’ evaluation
criteria. The range and mean performance of annual grass and
legume forages showed considerable amount of variability
among the traits in all tested locations. For instance,
fresh biomass and dry matter yields of Desmodium was varied
from 55.3-83.2 t/ha and 20.01-46.75 t/ha, in Boloso,
41.7-79.3 t/ha in Soddo and 33.8-76.4 t/ha and 13.9-34.2
t/ha in Kedidagamila districts respectively. Moreover, the
fresh biomass yields of Rhodes grass varied from 31.9-98.0
t/ha and 27.8-39.3 t/ha for Soddo and Kedidagamila
districts, respectively. Besides, the fresh biomass and dry
matter yields of alfalfa is varied from 21.9-44.1 t/ha and
22.1-34.30 t/ha and 8.26-23.26 t/ha and 10.6-17.6 t/ha for
Sddo and Kedidagamila districts, respectively. Based on
farmers’ evaluation, the performance of Desmodium wasthe
second place after Rhodes grass in all tested districts. In
all tested farmers’ field, both desmodium and Rhodes grass
were the most vigorous, persistent and highly adapted
species, and thus can be safely suggested for all tested
districts. Based on the overall mean evaluation criteria,
33.05%, 49.34% and 17.73% of tested farmers were select
desmodium, Rhodes grass and alfalfa respectively.
Keywords: Assessments, Farmers preferences, Forage, Participatory.
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