Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness

  
  

Change Language

Newsletters


Apetorgbor et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 5 (5), pp. 177-189, September 2015.

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 071115091

(DOI http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2015.5.071115091)

 

Comparative Studies on Growth and Yield of Oil Palm Mushroom, Volvariella Volvacea (Bull. Ex. Fr.) Sing. on Different Substrates

 

*1Apetorgbor, A.K., 2Apetorgbor, M.M., 3Derkyi, N.S.A.

 

1Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

2Forestry Research Institute of Ghana, P. O. Box 63, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

3University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana

Abstract

 

Edible mushrooms are collected in the countryside and forest regions for consumption and some sold for income. They are highly nutritional and medicinal. The oil palm mushroom, Volvariella volvacea (Bull. Ex. Fr.) Sing., a highly priced and preferred edible mushroom is cultivated using traditional methods which result in low and inconsistent yields. This study was conducted to compare the performance of various local substrates and supplements on the yield of V. volvacea using the low and high bed cultivation methods.

Various agricultural wastes among others were used in preparing low and high beds sprinkled with grain spawn of V. volovacea. The beds were covered with thick transparent polyethylene sheets which were raised 15 cm to allow for mushroom development.

Plantain leaf bundles and cassava peels supported the highest mycelial density followed by threshed rice panicle and cotton waste. The highest yield (280g/kg substrate) was obtained from the plantain leaf bundles, giving a biological conversion efficiency of 25%. Pinhead formation started 10 and 13 days after spawning on the bundled and chopped plantain leaves, respectively. The mixture of cotton waste and rice straw was the best after the plantain leaves followed by the mixture of cotton waste and corn cob. Yields  increased from October to April/May with a maximum of 280g/kg for the plantain leaf bundles in April/May where temperatures ranged from 20.0-36.0oC and was very low in August/September, where temperatures ranged from 20.0-32.5ºC. Nitrogen content of some substrates was low (0.4-1.0%) and therefore these substrates may need supplementation.

 

Key words: Volvariella volvacea, fructification, supplemented substrates, high bed method.

Post-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]


References

 

Ali M. A., Khan, D. A.  and Khan S. M. (1982). Performance of Chinese mushroom  (Volvariella volvacea) on various substrates at Faisalabad, Pakistan. Mushroom News-letter for the Tropics 2 (4):5-9.

 

Apetorgbor M. M. and Obodai M. (2003). Mushroom consumption in Southern Ghana. Proceedings of  the 21st Biennial Conference of Ghana Science Association, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana, 4th-7th August, 2003. Pg. 100.

 

Chang S. T. (1978). Cultivation of Volvariella volvacea from cotton waste compost. Mush.   Sci. 10 (II): 609-618.

 

Chang S. T. (1983). Prospects of Volvariella volvacea cultivation. Mushroom Newsletter for the Tropics 4 (2): 5-8.

 

Dixon P. A. (1960). Volvariella volvacea ‘Abe-mire’. Universitas 4: 51-52.

 

Garo V. M. (1964). A comparative study of Volvariella esculenta on the suitability of rice straw, dried banana stalks, banana leaves, wheat straw, water hyacinth and sugarcane bagasse. Bres. Production. (Abst) CLSU Scientific Journal 1 (12):130.

 

Graham K. M. and Chen Y. Y.  (1974). Studies on the padi mushroom (Volvariella volvacea). II. Effect of bed depth on yield in oil palm pericarp waste. Mal. Agric. Research 3: 1-6.

 

Holden M. (1970). Notes on the agaric flora of Ghana. Journal of the West African Science Association 15:25-34.

 

Kurtzman R. H. (1975). Mushrooms as a source of food protein. In: Friedman, M. (ed.), Protein nutritional quality of foods and feeds. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.

 

Kurtzman R. H. and Chang-Ho Y. (1982).  In: Tropical Musrooms: Biological nature and cultivation methods, (S. T. Chang and T. H. Quimio, eds.) Chinese University Press, Hong Kong.

 

Oei P. (1966). Mushroom cultivation, with special emphasis on appropriate techniques for developing countries. Tool Publication, Leiden pg. 2-7.

 

Odamtten G. T. and Obodai M. (1995).  Phenology of fungi and composition of five agricultural lignocelullose waste used as composts in relation to yield of Volvariella volvacea (Bull ex Fr.) Sing. In: Proceedings of Workshop on Fungal Diversity in Sub-Saharan ecosystems and their role in rural development. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 29th November to 1st December, 1995.

 

Purkayasthia R. P., Fas A. K.  and Biswas S. (1981). Cultural practices and conditions affecting production of paddy straw mushroom. Taiwan Mushrooms 5(1):10-16.

 

Quimio T. H. (1986). Guide to low cost mushroom growing in the tropics. Univ. of Philippines at Los Barnos.

 

Quimio T. S., Chang S. T. and Royse D. J. (1990). Technical Guidelines to mushroom growing in the tropics. FAO. Rome, Italy.

 

Ranged C. O. and Jandaik C. L.  (1977). Cultural studies on some Pleurotus spp. India J. of Mushrooms 3 (1): 9.

 

Sawyerr L. C. (1996). The development of the mushroom industry in Ghana. Paper presented at the Regional Workshop on Mushroom production and Mushroom germplasm collection and conservation, Harare, 23-27 September,1996.

 

Sawyerr L. C. (1998). Genetic resource aspects of mushroom cultivation on small scale. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Congress for the Characterization, Conservation, Evaluation and Utilization of Mushroom Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. (Ed.) Jacques E. Labarere and Umberto G. Menini. Bordeaux (France) 2000. 9-13 March, 1998.

 

Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI) (1972). TAPPI Standards. Official, provisional and useful test methods. Atlanta, GA, USA.

 

Tschierper H. J. and Hartman K. (1977). A comparison of different mushroom growing methods.  Mushroom Journal 60: 404-416.

 

Van Soest P. J. (1963). Use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds. II. A rapid method for the determination of fiber and lignin. J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 46:829-835.

 

Yau C. K. and Chang S. T. (1972). Cotton waste for indoor cultivation of straw mushroom. World Crops 24: 302-303.

Call for Articles/Books/Thesis

Call for Scholarly Articles


Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.


The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.


Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to gjas@acad.gjournals.org or manuscripts.igj@gmail.com.




Search

Login Form

Other Journals


Sponsored