Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Open Access


Subscribe to 

our monthly News letters
Click









Fatile et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (8), pp. 239-244, September 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 © 2015 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 072016122


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.8.072016122)

 

The Effect of Gravity Variation on the Growth of Okra Root

 

Fatile Samuel1, Kappo Ayorinde2, Adetola Bamidele3

and Ogunjobi Gregory4

 

African Regional Center for Space Science and Technology Education in English, Ile-Ife, Nigeria1

Cooperative Information Network, Ile-Ife, Nigeria2

Shepherd Twins Model College, Ile-Ife, Osun- state, Nigeria3

Dept. of Surveying and Geoinformatics, The Polytechnic, Ibadan,Nigeria4


Abstract


Space exploration is man’s greatest means to subdue his environment and accelerate development. Many spinoff of the exploration has brought relief for mankind. If man is to survive in space, the gravitational effects on the root of indigenous plants became our concern. The project was carried out at the laboratory of African Regional Center for Space Science and Technology Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The indigenous seed used was okra. Image J application software and Microsoft excel was used for data analysis.  Six readings were taking at 30 minutes interval to determine the growth rate.  The research has shown the possible growth of plant under variation of gravitational force. There was decrease in the value of angle of Curvature comparing its value at each 30 minutes interval for clinostat sample and 900 turned sample.  There are increases in the length per time with 900 turned with the largest value of 0.283cm followed by 1g sample (0.253) and clinostat experiencing the least growth of 0.218cm.  This implies that the root of okra will grow faster in 900 turned position (while Gravitational force is acting on it) than micro gravity position (Clinostat sample). It was discovered that there are differences in the growth of the root of plants because of gravity influence. It has been practically established that the gravitational variation influences the growth of the root of plant. Plant under weak gravitational force (micro gravity) has stunted growth in comparison with others under full gravitational force (earth). 

 

Keyword: Microgravity, Clinostat and Indigenous plant (okra) and Space Exploration.

Return to Content       View [Full Article - PDF]

[Full Article - HTML]            [Full Article - EPUB]         

Post-review Rundown

  View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]


References


Ferl, R.; Wheeler, R.; Levine H.G. and Paul A.L. (2003).   Plants in space. Curr. Opin., Plant Biol.258-263.

 

Godia,F.;Albiol,J.;Montesinos,J.L.;Perez,J.;Creus, N.;Cabello,F,;Mengual,X.;Montras, A. and Lasseur, C. (2002). The Mellissa:  A loop of interconnected bioreactors to develop life support in space. J.Biotechnol. (99):319-330.

 

Godia,F.;Albiol,J.;Perez,J.;Creus,N.;Cabello,F,;Montrasl,A.;Masot,A. and Lasseur, C. (2004). The MELISSA pilot plant facility as an integration test-bed for advanced life systems. Adv space Res.(34) 1483-1493.

 

Hendrickx,L.; de Wever,H.;Hermans, V.;Mastroleo, F.;Morin, N.;Wilmotte, A.;Janssen,P. and Mergeay, M.(2006). Microbial ecology of the closed artificial ecosystem MELiSSA (Micro-Ecological Life Support System Alternative): Reinventing and compartmentalizing the earth’s food and oxygen regeneration system for long –haul space exporation missions. Res. Microbiol. (157) 77-86.

 

Ivanova, T.N.; Bercovich, Y.A.   Mashinskiy, A.L. and Meleshko, G.I. (1993). The 1st space vegetables have been grown in the svet  greenhouse using controlled environmental-conditions. Acta Astronaut. 29: 639-644.

 

Jeffrey, B. (2014). Max goes to the Moon. A Science Adventure with Max the Dog. Planetarium Edition. Pg. 17.

 

Johnson, S.P. and  TIbbitts, T.W. (1968). Liminal angle of a plagiogeotropic organ under weightlessness on growth. Bioscience. 18:655-661.

 

Kiss, J.Z. (2014). Plant biology in reduced gravity on the Moon and Mars. Plant Biol. 16:12-17.

 

Link, B.M.; Durst,S.J.; Zhou, W.; Stankovic, B. (2003). Seed –to growth of Arabidopsis thaliana on the international space station. Adv. Space Res. 31: 2237-2243.

 

Merkys, A.J.; Laurinavicius, R.S. and Svegzdiene, D.V. (1984): Plant growth, development and embryogenesis during Salyut-7 flight. Adv. Space Res. 4:55-63.

 

Musgrave, M.E.;Kuang , A.X. and Matthews, S.W. (1997). Plants Reproduction during space flight: Importance of gaseous environment. Plant. 203: 177-184.

 

Paradiso, R; de Micco, V.; Buonomo, R.; Aronne, G. and De pascale, S. (2014). Soilless cultivation of soyabean for bioregenerative life –suppoort system: A literature review experience of the MELiSSA project-Food characterization phase 1. Plant Biol.16.

 

Sychev, V.N. ; Levinskikh, M.A. and Podolsky, I.G. (2008). Biological components of life support system a crew in  long –duration space expeditions. Acta Astronaut.,63:119-1125.

 

Sychev, V.N. ; Shepelev, E.Y.; Meleshko, G.I.; Gurieva  T.s.; Leviskkh. M.A Podolsky, I.G.; Dadasheva, O.A.; Popov,

V.V. (2014). Main characteristics of biological components of developing life. Life. 4, 200. Support system observed during thre experiment aboard orbital complex mir.Adv Space Res.2001,2007, 1529-1534.

 

Takayuki .H. (2014). Plant Growth and Morphogeneisis under different gravity condition: Relevance to plant life in space: Department Biology, Graduate school of Science , Osaka city University , Sumiyoshi –ku, Japan Life.,4, 205-216.9L

 

Teachers Guide (2012). Image J User Guide. IJ 1.46r.Revised Edition.

 

Ward, C.H.; Wilks, S.S. and Craft, H.L. (1970). Effects of prolong near weightlessness on growth and gas exchange of photosysthetic plants .Dev. Ind. Microbiol.11: 276-295.

 

Wheeler, R.M.; Stutte, G.W.; Sobarrao,  G.V. and  Yorio, N.C. (2001). Plant growth and human life support for space travel . In Handbook of plant and crop physiology; Pessarakli, M.Ed.; Marcel Dekker: New York, NY, USA; Basel, Switzerland,pp.925-941.