Dauda et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (7), pp. 157-159, September 2017.
Manuscript Number: 082917113
Trypanosomiaisis in Non Migratory Cattle in Suburban Kaduna
Dauda H., Abubakar S., Muhammad A.A., Jarmai K.Y., Uzoigwe L., Allen D.O., Ahmed A.A., Ngamdu A.S., Jega Z., *Wayo B. &
Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigeria Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research, Kaduna, Nigeria.
African trypanosomiasis is a disease complex, prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, influencing both public health and agricultural development. The disease is also becoming increasingly prevalent beyond its traditionally defined realm. Studies have shown that migration increases the risk of cattle being infected with trypanosomes and that Trypanosoma brucei populations in cattle (and other domestic animals) could serve as reservoirs for the human infection. This study involves an investigation into the prevalence of Trypanosomiasis among cattle herds kept extensively but do not seasonally migrate. It was conducted in Guguwa- Rigasa, Igabi local government area of Kaduna State, North-West Nigeria.A total of 157 cattle, sheep, goats and dogs were sampled from three herds.Parasitological examination was carried out using the Standard Trypanosome Detection Method. Trypanosome species were identified based on their motility using the Buffy coat method and morphological features from Giemsa stained films. A total of 25 (15.92%) animals were found to be positive with Trypanosoma congolense and T. brucei. It can be concluded that animal trypanosomiasis is prevalent in the area. However, further and more sensitive studies need to be carried out to bring more clarity on the parasite species, vectors and overall epidemiology of the disease.
Key words: Trypanosomiasis, cattle, migration, reservoir, suburban, Kaduna.
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