Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (7), pp. 167-174, September 2017.
Manuscript Number: 090917125
Agriculture: Constraints and Possible Solutions to Food Security in Nigeria
Ikuli, Josiah Muonam
Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323 Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria.
The invaluable importance of agriculture cannot be over emphasized with regards to provision of food for man, feed for animals, environmental management, medicine and vaccines, and provision of employment opportunities and raw materials for industries. Productivity is hindered by many factors, some of which include; pollution, conservative attitude to old cultural practice, illiteracy/ignorance, lack of processing and storage facilities and lack of power supply. Others include; insecurity, finance/funding and Government policy formulation and execution. Productivity can be increased and the potentials of agriculture enjoyed, if Government in synergy with NGOs and Multi-National companies work to provide solutions by providing necessary support like; processing and storage facilities for farmers, providing extension services for farmers and funding through subsidy for farmers and grant to researchers. Provide improved planting materials (seeds, stem, suckers, etc.). Multinationals especially the Oil and Gas companies to bioremediate the polluted land by establishing integrated farms and application of new technologies discovered which is capable of controlling pollution and bioremediate polluted land naturally. This will provide job opportunities for the teeming unemployed youths. Create peace and good environment for them to operate and also increase food security in the country.
Keywords: Agriculture, Productivity, Constraints, solution and Food security
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