Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 8(10), pp. 300-303, 2018

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2018, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.10.102918052

http://gjournals.org/GJAS

 

 

 


 

Evaluation of Adaptability and Improvement of Tef [Eragrostis Tef (Zucc.) Trotter] Varieties in Western Part of Ethiopia

  

Addisu, Dereje Jinfessa

  

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Assosa Agricultural research Center, Plant Breeder.

  

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 102918052

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2018.10.102918052

 

 

Thirty six Tef varieties including local check were evaluated with the objective of Evaluation of Adaptability and Improvement of Tef [Eragrostis Tef (Zucc.) Trotter] in Western Part of Ethiopia during 2016/17 G.C cropping season at Assosa Agricultural Research Center, Tongo and Begi sub-site; Benishangul Gumuz Regional Sate of Ethiopia.

This trials were put into trial at Assosa Agricultural Research on station,Tongo and Begi sub-site. The trial was conducted in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The size of the plot was 1.2m x 2m with gap of 1m between plot and 1.5m between blocks. Various character data were collected such as days to heading, days to maturity, above ground biomass, grain yield, and plant height and panicle length. Data was subjected to analysis of variance and there was highly significant difference (p<0.01) among the varieties and other agronomic traits. The combined analysis of variance indicated that there were highly significant yield difference between the local check and the released Tef varieties over three locations. Tseday, Boset, Simada, Amarach and Lakech gave the highest grain yield; 1892.1, 1752.5, 1709.7, 1664.5, and 1653 kg/ha respectively. Therefore, based on objectively measured traits (days to heading, days to maturity, above ground biomass, grain yield, plant height and panicle length), Tseday and Boset were recommended for wider cultivation in three locations of western part of Ethiopia while varieties Simada, Amarach and Lakech, showed specific adaptability.

 

Submitted: 29/10/2018

Accepted:  10/11/2018

Published: 15/11/2018


 

*Corresponding Author

Addisu Dereje Jinfessa

E-mail: adisudereje2018@

gmail.com

 

Keywords:Tef; Agricultural research; Grain yield; agronomic traits

 

 

 

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REFERENCES

 

1.  Assefa, K., Yu, J.-K., Zeid, M., Belay, G., Tefera, H., Sorrells, M. E., 2010, Breeding tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.)  Trotter]: conventional and molecular approaches (review). Plant Breeding. doi:10.1111/j.1439–0523.2010.01782.

 

2.  Hailu T, Seyfu K (2000) Production and Importance of tef in Ethiopia Agriculture. Tefera H, Belay G, Sorrels M (eds.), Narrowing the Rift: Tef research and development Proceedings of the International Workshop on Tef Genetics and Improvement, 16-19 October 2000, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

3. Central Statistic Authority (2003) urban bi-annual employment unemployment survey. 1st Year, Round 1.

 

4. Wondimu A, Mekbib F (2001) Utilization of tef in the Ethiopian diet.  Tefera H,Belay G, Sorrells M (eds.), Narrowing the rift: Tef research and development.Proceedings of the International Workshop on Tef Genetics and Improvement, Debrezeit, Ethiopia, pp: 239-244)..

 

5. Central Statistic Authority   (2014/15) Benishangul Regional State

 

6.  National Meteorological Service Agency, 2010

 

7.  Assosa Agricultural Research Center, 2007.

 

8.  SAS institute (2002). SAS system for windows release 9.2 Inc, Cary, NC, USA.

 

9.  Ashamo M, Belay G (2012) Genotype x Environment interaction analysis of Tef grown in southern Ethiopia using additive main effects and multiplicative interaction model. Journal of Biology Agriculture and Healthcare 2: 66-72.

 

10. Chondie YG, Bekele A (2017) adaptability evaluation and selection of improved Tef varieties in growing areas of southern Ethiopia. Hydrol Current Res 8: 266. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000266.


 

Cite this Article: Addisu, D.J. (2018). Evaluation of Adaptability and Improvement of Tef [Eragrostis Tef (Zucc.) Trotter] Varieties in Western Part of Ethiopia. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8(10), 300-303, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.10.102918052 

 

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