Greener Journal of Biological Sciences Vol. 3 (1), pp. 048-057, January 2013
© 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 121912327
Effect of Shortage Mineral Elements (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium) on Antioxidant Enzymes Activity (Peroxidase, Glotation Reductase, Ascorbate Peroxidase and Catalase) in Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum)
Parvaneh Rahdari1, Fatemeh Rezaie Kinji2, Elham Baher3 and Seyed meysam hoseini4
1Assistant Professor and Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon Branch
2High Student of Plant Physiology of Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon Branch
3Assistant Professor and Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon Branch
4MS.c of Plant Physiology of Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon Branch
Corresponding Author’s Email: Rahdari_parvaneh @ yahoo.com
When needing nutrient elements hold suitable degree for plants, they performed their physiological and biochemical processes properly and so there will be no need to use defensive mechanism. In doing so, its growth and function level increases. In this study, effect of shortage nutrient elements (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium) on antioxidant enzymes activity such as Peroxidase, Glotation Reductase, Ascorbate Peroxidase and Catalase were studied. The observations indicate that Ascorbate Peroxidase, Peroxidase and Catalase activity in root and shoot was reduced in all the shortage level of mineral elements than blank level. But Peroxidase activity in phosphorous shortage was increased than blank level. In plants with Magnesium shortage, Glutation Reductase activity in root was decreased than blank. While in plants with Potassium, Calcium and Nitrogen, Glutation Reductase activity was increased. In relation with Glutation Reductase measurement in plants shoot with Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Magnesium shortage showed no significant changes, while in Calcium and Potassium shortage was decreased than blank level.
Keywords: Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.), Mineral Elements, Antioxidant Enzymes.