Greener Journal of Biological Sciences

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Greener Journal of  Biological Sciences Vol. 3 (1), pp. 048-057January 2013

 © 2011 Greener Journals

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 121912327

 

Effect of Shortage Mineral Elements (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium) on Antioxidant Enzymes Activity (Peroxidase, Glotation Reductase, Ascorbate Peroxidase and Catalase) in Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum)

 

Parvaneh Rahdari1, Fatemeh Rezaie Kinji2, Elham Baherand Seyed meysam hoseini4

 

1Assistant Professor and Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon Branch

2High Student of Plant Physiology of Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon Branch

3Assistant Professor and Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon Branch

4MS.c of Plant Physiology of Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon Branch

 

Corresponding Author’s Email: Rahdari_parvaneh @ yahoo.com


Abstract:

When needing nutrient elements hold suitable degree for plants, they performed their physiological and biochemical processes properly and so there will be no need to use defensive mechanism. In doing so, its growth and function level increases. In this study, effect of shortage nutrient elements (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium) on antioxidant enzymes activity such as Peroxidase, Glotation Reductase, Ascorbate Peroxidase and Catalase were studied. The observations indicate that Ascorbate Peroxidase, Peroxidase and Catalase activity in root and shoot was reduced in all the shortage level of mineral elements than blank level. But Peroxidase activity in phosphorous shortage was increased than blank level. In plants with Magnesium shortage, Glutation Reductase activity in root was decreased than blank. While in plants with Potassium, Calcium and Nitrogen, Glutation Reductase activity was increased. In relation with Glutation Reductase measurement in plants shoot with Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Magnesium shortage showed no significant changes, while in Calcium and Potassium shortage was decreased than blank level. 

Keywords: Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.), Mineral Elements, Antioxidant Enzymes.

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