Greener Journal of Biological Sciences Vol. 3 (4), pp. 136-145, May 2013.
© 2011 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 040213559
Some Aspects of the Biology ofDistichodus rostratus (GUNTHER, 1864) in River Rima, North-western Nigeria
*Shinkafi B.A., Salim A.M. and Yusuf M.A.
Department of Forestry and Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: bilkishinkafi @ hotmail. com
Study was carried out to determine some aspects of the biology of Distichodus rostratus (GUNTHER, 1864) in River Rima, North-western Nigeria. This is with a view to provide information on the species in River Rima which has not been documented elsewhere. These include morphometric measurements, growth pattern, diet composition, gonad maturation stages, gonadosomatic index (GSI) and fecundity of the species. A total of 66 samples were collected from Kwalkwalawa fish landing site of River Rima between July and December, 2012. Total length of the samples ranged from 18.70±0.99SE to 46.20±0.99SE with a mean value of 31.18±0.99SE while total weight ranged from 104.20±32.65SE to 892.60±32.65SE with a mean value of 473.92±32.65SE. The b values of 2.461, 2.476 and 2.292 for all samples, females and males respectively indicate negative allometry. Mean condition factor was 1.52±0.517SD, indicating that the species are in good condition. Analysis of the stomach contents revealed that the species are herbivorous feeding mainly on leaves and roots of aquatic plants, grasses, algae and deadwood. Observation of the structural feeding adaptations such as the sub-inferior mouth, the fine and numerous gill rakers, the U-shaped stomach and the long intestine further confirms the herbivorous nature of the fish. Four stages of gonad maturation were established in females and three stages in males. Gonadosomatic index values for males ranged from 0.08 to 1.20% with mean value of 0.25±0.0211SE and for females 0.25 to 2.29%, with a mean value of 1.89±0.829SE. Fecundity ranged from 2,980 – 21,010 eggs.
Keywords: D. rostratus, Growth pattern, Stomach content, Fecundity, River Rima.