Greener Journal of Biological Sciences Vol. 4 (5), pp. 135-138, June 2014.
© 2014 Authors
Manuscript Number: 033114169
Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Helminthes in Stray Dogs of Tabriz City , Iran
Garedaghi Yagoob1*, Shabestari Asl Ali2, Ahmadi Seivan3
1Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Collage of Veterinary Medicine, Tabriz Branch,Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
2Department of Clinical Sciences, Collage of Veterinary Medicine, Tabriz branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
3Department of Veterinary Medicine, Collage of Veterinary Medicine, Tabriz branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: Y_garedaghi @yahoo .com, Y_garedaghi @iaut .ac.ir
Stray dogs are considered as an important health problem in societies because they can carry dangerous diseases such as hydatidosis, toxocariasis and coenurus cerebralis to humans and animals. Therefore, the study of helminthes infections in all parts of Iran for evaluation of infection state, and provision of the infection control programs is essential. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of parasitic helminthes in stray dogs around Tabriz city. In this study, 40 stray dogs were killed by shooting with the municipality officers and were dissected considering health rules. After laparotomy, internal organs are inspected, and bowels completely collected in separate containers containing 10% formaldehyde. Transferring the samples to the parasitological laboratory, the bowels were cut using forceps, and its contents passed through the sieve, and the worms were separated. Azo carmine & carminic acid staining and lactophenol was used for diagnosis of isolated cestodes and nematodes. The number of 40 dogs, 34 dogs (85%) had at least one species of cestodes and nematodes and acanthocephala that; 12.5% (5 dogs) infected by Echinococcus granulosus, 20% (8 dogs) by Taenia hydatigena, 22.5% (9 dogs) by Taenia multiceps, 17.5 /% (7 dogs) by Dipylidium caninum and 52.5% (21 dogs) by Ancylostoma caninum, 45% (18 dogs) by Toxocara canis, 35% (14 dogs) by Trichuris vulpis, 27.5% (11 dogs) by Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus . In this study, it was shown that helminthic rate in stray dogs is very high around Tabriz. These parasites are important in terms of health and economic aspects. Therefore, it is more essential that we note to parasitic infections, to develop control programs.
Keyword: Stray dogs, Gastrointestinal helminthes, Tabriz, Iran.
Abdi J: Study of Cestodes in Stray Dogs in Isfahan and its Hygienic Importance. Isfahan: Isfahan university of Medical sciences; 2003: 50-54.
Abdi1 J., Asadolahi Kh., Maleki Mh., Ashrafi Hafez A. Prevalence of Helminthes Infection of Stray Dogs in Ilam Province. Journal of Paramedical Sciences, 2013 ,.4( 2):47-50.
Ajlouni AQ, Saliba EK, Disi AM :Intestinal cestodes of stray dogs in Jordan. Zeitschrift fur Parasitenkunde 1984, 70(2):203-210.
Arbabi M, Doroudgar A, Hooshyar
H, Mobedi I: A survey of cestode infections of carnivores
in the Kashan region. Journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine,
University of Tehran 2004, 59(3):289-293.
Bahrami A, Doosti A, Nahravanian H, Noorian A, Ahmadi S: Epidemiological Survey of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Stray Dogs and Cats Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 2011, 9(5):1944-1948.
Bokaei S, Moazzeni M, Drodgar M: Study of intestinal worms of pet dog in Shiraz. Veterinary Journal of Tehran University 2008, 3(63):169-164.
Fallah M, Taherkhani H, Sadjjadi M: Echinococcosis in stray dogs in Hamedan, west of Iran. Iranian J Med Sci 1995, 29:170-172.
Garedaghi Y. Safarmashaei S. Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthic infestation in pet and stray dogs in Tabriz, Iran. Journal of animal and veterinary advances, 2011, 10(11):1477-1479.
Heidari Z, Mohebali M, Zarei Z, Aryayipour M, Eshraghian MR, Kia EB, Shodajei S, Abdi J, Rakhshanpour A, Rokni MB: Seroepidemiological study of human hydatidosis in meshkinshahr district, ardabil province, Iran. Iranian Journal of Parasitology 2011, 6(3):19-25.
Hosseini SH, Bokaie S, Motevaselolhoseini M: Hydatid cyst and its role in epidemiology of Echinococcus granulosus in camel. Journal of theFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran 1998, 53(3/4):83-86.
Katagiri S, Oliveira-Sequeira TC: Prevalence of dog intestinal parasites and risk perception of zoonotic infection by dog owners in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Zoonosis Public Health 2008, 55(8-10):406-413.
Pestechian N, Rasuli A, Yusefi H: Intestinal helminth parasites of Isfahan. Journal of Isfahan Medical School 2011, 29:173-179.
Razmi GR, Sardari K, Kamrani AR: Prevalence of Echinococcus granulosus and other intestinal helminths of stray dogs in Mashhad area, Iran. Archives of Razi Institute 2006, 61(3):143-148.
Rokni MB: Echinococcosis /hydatidosis in Iran. Iranian J Parasitol 2009, 4(1):1-16.
Tavakoli HR, Bahonar AR, Jonidi NA: Epidemiology of hydatidosis in Iran during 2002-2006. Iranian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine 2008, 13(42):67-71.
Wachira TM, Sattran M, Zeyhle E, Njenga M: Abattoirs and echinococcosis in Nairobi dogs. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1994, 88(2):166-169.
Wachira TM, Sattran M, Zeyhle E, Njenga MK: Intestinal helminths of public health importance in dogs in Nairobi. East African Medical Journal 1993, 70(10):617-619.
Walters TM, Craig PS: Diagnosis of Echinococcus granulosus infection in dogs. Vet Rec 1992, 131(2):39-40.
Walters TMH: Hydatid disease in Wales. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1977, 71(2):105-108.
Yang YR, McManus DP, Huang Y, Heath DD: Echinococcus granulosus Infection and Options for Control of Cystic Echinococcosis in Tibetan Communities of Western Sichuan Province, China. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2009, 3(4):426-429.
Call for Papers/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles promptly.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.