Greener Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 6 (1), pp. 001-008, January 2016.
ISSN: 2276-7762 © 2016 Authors
Manuscript Number: 110115151
Otolith Dimension Characteristics Approaches of the Indian Oil Sardine, Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes, 1847 from Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
Ibrahim Said Al-Anboori
Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agrotechnology and Food Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.
Morphological characteristics of Indian oil sardine Sardinella longiceps of sagittal otolith were investigated in the Sea of Oman at Muscat area during the period of one year from October 2008 to September 2009. A total of 152 otolith specimens were used for otolith morphometric analysis purposes. The sagittal otolith measurements including length, width and weight of otolith were obtained to assess whether there were differences between left and right otoliths of the fish and to examine otolith-fish size relationships of the species. The value of coefficient of determination R2 of 0.9 showed strong correlation between right and left otolith measurements (length, width and weight), suggesting there was no significance variation in otolith for both sides and this may influence the growth rate of the species. Otolith morphometric observation including length, width and weight were correlated with total length of the fish representing R2 ranged from 0.902 to 0.986 indicating that dimensions of otolith in the species grow in proportion to the total length and weight of fish.
Key words: Sagittal otolith, otolith measurements, oil sardine, Muscat
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