Greener Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 6 (1), pp. 001-008, January 2016.
ISSN: 2276-7762 © 2016 Greener Journals
Manuscript Number: 110115151
Otolith Dimension Characteristics Approaches of the Indian Oil Sardine, Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes, 1847 from Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
Ibrahim Said Al-Anboori
Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agrotechnology and Food Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.
Morphological characteristics of Indian oil sardine Sardinella longiceps of sagittal otolith were investigated in the Sea of Oman at Muscat area during the period of one year from October 2008 to September 2009. A total of 152 otolith specimens were used for otolith morphometric analysis purposes. The sagittal otolith measurements including length, width and weight of otolith were obtained to assess whether there were differences between left and right otoliths of the fish and to examine otolith-fish size relationships of the species. The value of coefficient of determination R2 of 0.9 showed strong correlation between right and left otolith measurements (length, width and weight), suggesting there was no significance variation in otolith for both sides and this may influence the growth rate of the species. Otolith morphometric observation including length, width and weight were correlated with total length of the fish representing R2 ranged from 0.902 to 0.986 indicating that dimensions of otolith in the species grow in proportion to the total length and weight of fish.
Key words: Sagittal otolith, otolith measurements, oil sardine, Muscat
Al-Mamry, J., Jawad, L., and Ambuali, A., (2011). Fluctuating asymmetry in the otolith length and width of adult Indian mackerel Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1817) collected from Muscat waters at the Sea of Oman. Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment Vol. 17(3): 254-259.
Araya, M., Luis A. Cubillos, M. GuzmaÂn, J. PenÄailillo , A. SepuÂlveda. (2001). Evidence of a relationship between age and otolith weight in the Chilean jack mackerel, Trachurus symmetricus murphyi (Nichols). Fisheries Research 51: 17-26.
Brothers, E. B., (1987). Methodological approaches to the examination of otoliths in aging studies. In: Summerfelt RC, Hall GE (Eds). The age and growth of fish. The lowa State University Press, Ames, lowa, pp 319-330.
Brothers, E. D., (1995). Establishment of a national fish aging facility and training of its personnel at the Marine Science and Fisheries Center, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Chemonics International Consulting Division. Aid Project No. 272-0106-C-001001-0. Report submitted to Directorate General of Fisheries Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman.
Campana, S. E. (2004). Photographic atlas of fish otoliths of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. pp. 284.Ottawa, Ontario: NRC Research Press.
Dayaratne, P. and Gjosaeter, J. (1986). Age and growth of four Sardinella species from Sri Lanka. Fisheries Research, 4:1-33.pb.
Geffen, A. J., (1992). Validation of otolith increment deposition rate. p. 101-113. In D.K. Stevenson and S.E. Campana (ed.). Otolith microstructure examination and analysis. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 117.
Hunt, J. J. (1992). Morphological characteristics of otolith for selected fish in the Northwest Atlantic. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science, Vol. 13: 63-75.
Jawad, L., Al-Mamry, J. and Al-Busaidi, H. (2011). Relationship between fish length and otolith length and width in the lutjanid fish, Lutjanus bengalensis (Lutjanidae) collected from Muscat City coast on the Sea of Oman. Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment Vol. 17(2): 116-126.
Reichenbacher, B., Kamrani E., Esmaeili H. R. and Teimori A. (2009). The endangered cyprinodont Aphanius ginaonis (Holly, 1929) from southern Iran is a valid species: evidence from otolith morphology. Environmental Biology of Fishes 86: 504-521.
Schwamborn S.H.L. and Ferreira B.P. (2002). Age structure and growth of the dusky damselfish, Stegastes fuscus, from Tamandar´e reefs, Pernambuco, Brazil. Environmental Biology of Fishes 63: 79–88.
Steward, C. A., DeMaria K. D. and Shenker J. M. (2009). Using otolith morphometrics to quickly and inexpensively predict age in the gray angelfish (Pomacanthus arcuatus). Fisheries Research 99: 123–129.