Greener Journal of Biological Sciences Vol. 7 (5), pp. 045-049, October 2017.
Manuscript Number: 081417104
Growth Performance of Clarias gariepinus (Buchell 1822) Fed Varying Inclusion Levels of Cassava Flour
Ezeafulukwe, C.F.1*, Onuoha, L.C.1 and Ahaotu, E.O.2
*1Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Animal Production and Health Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria.
This research was carried out to determine the dietary inclusion of cassava flour on growth performance of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. Fifteen plastic containers were used and ten Clarias gariepinus fingerlings with mean weight (2.29±0.08g) were randomly distributed into each of the plastic container. Four treatments were fed diets containing 40% crude protein with varying levels of cassava flour as carbohydrate source against yellow maize except the control (T0) where cassava flour was not included. Diet T1 contain 25% inclusion levels, T2 50%, T3 75% and T4 100% inclusion levels of the experimental diets respectively. Results showed that fish fed with diet T3 had the best specific growth performance of (2.63±0.01) and weight gain of (7.49±0.76) being significantly different (p<0.05) with other treatments including the control (2.60±0.09). The weight gain of T3 (7.49±0.76), feed conversion ratio (1.67±0.27) and protein efficiency ratio (11.62±0.01) were significantly different (p<0.05) with the control and favourable when compared with other diets.
Keywords: Growth Performance, Clarias gariepinus fingerlings, Cassava flour, Carbohydrate, Feed conversion ratio and Protein efficiency ratio.
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